Follicleometry: All about how to determine ovulation

For pregnancy planning, it is important to determine the period suitable for conception. Fertilization occurs in the ovulation period when the egg can meet with sperm. During the rest of the time, the conception is impossible. Consider ovulation in several ways: ultrasound folliculosis, test, ovulation calendar, folk methods for allocations. Consider in detail all the ways.

For pregnancy planning, it is important to determine the period suitable for conception. Fertilization occurs in the ovulation period when the egg can meet with sperm. During the rest of the time, the conception is impossible. Consider ovulation in several ways: ultrasound folliculosis, test, ovulation calendar, folk methods for allocations. Consider in detail all the ways.

Consultation of the gynecologist according to the results of the ultrasound - 500 rubles.!

What is ovulation and follicles

Ovulation is the periodic state of a healthy woman when her body is ready for conception. It is on this day that an absolutely mature egg is coming out of the ovary and falls into the uterine tube.

For 7-8 day of the menstrual cycle, a woman comes to the ultrasound for the first time. The doctor fixes the formation of a dominant follicle, in which the ripening of the eggs occurs.

In the body of the girl, more than a million egg cells are formed before birth, which remain there for life. As it matures, they come out of the ovary. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, when the egg is released from the follicle - the bubble in which it ripes. Can mature and two or more eggs.

The ovulation period lasts from day to one and a half, after which the body is prepared for the upcoming menstruation. At this time, it is already impossible to get pregnant.

The length of the menstrual cycle in all women is different and varies from 21 to 35 days, so to track the days of ovulation suitable for conception is difficult.

With disorders of the menstrual ovulation cycle, it may not be (an inhibular cycle) or it can start later or earlier. Therefore, when problems with conception - when infertility - first of all, the parameters of follicles are assessed, finding out whether ovulation passes and when it happens. If there is no ovulation or it is irregular, infertility is beginning to treat the gynecologist.

Why know when ovulation occurs? Is it worth doing folliculometry?

  • If you determine the time of ovulation, then you can find out exactly what day it is better to conceive a child.
  • Knowledge when the ovulation will be held will help a woman prevent pregnancy if she is undesirable. But this is only suitable for those women who have a menstrual cycle regular.
  • Knowledge of the offensive of ovulation helps when determining the sex of the child, which is planned. It is believed that the child who is conceived on the day of ovulation will be born male, and if we conceive 1-2 days before ovulation - then female.
  • If folliculose it turns out that ovulation does not occur, the doctor prescribes hormonal treatment, stimulating the ripening of follicles and eggs.

Phases of menstrual cycles

The cycle is divided into two parts: the first part of the menstrual period is approximately 7-11 days. At this time, the follicle was ripe, then the mature egg is then coming out, ready to fertilize. After that, the egg cell, hitting the abdominal cavity, is captured by the ampoule of the uterine tube and begins to move in it. At that moment, spermatozoa should be moved towards her. If this happens - most likely a pregnancy will come.

Every 1-2 days the woman passes a re-ultrasound. The doctor at the same time follows the growth of the follicle, which should reach 18-24 mm.

The lutein phase begins ovulation, which lasts 14 days, regardless of how many menstrual cycle lasts. In this period, a yellow body was ripe in the ovary, which helps preserve fertilization at the first time. If the spermatozoa on the way of the eggs do not occur - fertilization does not occur, then the yellow body is absorbed, the egg cell is dying, the level of hormones in the body decreases, and periods begin.

When the last day of menstruation passes, all the processes that are described above will begin again, and will be repeated until fertilization occurs. Therefore, the normal course of ovulation in the female organism is extremely important!

Physiological signs of ovulation

The first ovulation occurs when the girl's body reaches puberty, and if the conception at this point did not happen - after ovulation, the first monthly occurs, that is, an uninterrupted egg leaving comes out of the body. The latter ovulation passes when the hormonal restructuring - Climax begins in the female organism.

There are physiological signs pointing to the offensive in the ovulation organism.

  • A woman can celebrate lung pain in the abdomen.
  • These days must increase the discharge.
  • Libido increases significantly.
  • The physiological parameters include a change in the rectal (basal) body temperature, which is reduced on the day of ovulation.

How long the ovulation cycle lasts

The menstrual period - begins the first day of menstruation, and ends the first day of the next menstruation. The average period is 28 days (this is an indicator corresponding to a healthy female organism), limit indicators: 23-35 days. If these indicators are less or more norms, this indicates any deviations.

Folliculose - accurate way to determine ovulation on ultrasound

This technique requires a good ultrasound apparatus, therefore applied under the clinic. The doctor, watching changes in the ovary of the woman, sees how the follicle and egg seizure matches, is it ready to go out and whether ovulation was. The survey is carried out using a special Uz-sensor. The method is safe and painless - ultrasound does not have a negative impact on the body.

What is Follicleometry

Uzi Follicleometry is a dynamic observation (monitoring) of the growth of follicles - elements of the ovary consisting of egg cells and connective tissue. Follicleometry. For example, it is carried out in the treatment of female infertility caused by the absence of ovulation. With this violation, the egg cell does not leave the ovary and the fertilization does not occur. Such a cycle is called anointener.

Objectives of folliculose

Studies allow you to choose the tactics of infertility treatments and increase the likelihood of pregnancy. During monitoring, it is held:

  • Evaluation of the work of the egg;
  • Determination of ovulation - the best day for conception;
  • Finding out the need for medication incentives for the exit of the egg from the ovary;
  • Determination of the fullness of the mucous meat for the implantation of the embryo.

Often, women, making the folliculose for the first time, the folliculometry almost in the basement, and without achieving success in treating infertility, come to a good clinic for a re-examination to double-check the results and get professional advice.

At the time of ovulation, a yellow body is formed on the site of the mature follicle, while the free liquid appears in the processory space. The presence of these signs confirms the output of the egg. The absence of a yellow body and free fluid signals the absence of ovulation and should be an impetus to the search for the reasons for this.

How the folliculose is carried out

With the help of Uz-equipment, doctors are watching the growth of the dominant follicle, which during ovulation should "release" an egg cell. In parallel, the thickness and structures of the endometrial - the mucous layer are monitored, into which the fertilized egg is implanted. This technique will help not miss the days favorable for conception.

The patient takes several ultrasound sessions - from three to five. Folliculose is made in the following periods of the menstrual cycle:

  • For 9-11 days . The doctor sees whether it is necessary to wait for ovulation this month, the dominant follicle should be formed with a diameter of 17-23 mm.
  • Every two days while the egg does not leave the ovary, and in her place will not be discovered a yellow body, prepare the body for pregnancy. In the rear cavity of the uterus, liquid is detected.

It is recommended to start watching from the seventh day after the start of menstruation. Monitoring is carried out for one or more cycles.

The survey is carried out:

  • Transabdomomomomy - through the fabrics of the front abdominal wall. The sensor is placed on the stomach whose skin is lubricated with a special conductive gel. Hypoallergen gel, it is needed to improve ultrasound loss and increase the adhesion of the sensor with the skin.
  • Transvaginal - Through the vagina, where the sensor is placed, to which a condom will put.

For transvagal folliculic meter, preparation is not required, and for transabdominal monitoring, you need to take care of the filing of the bladder. To do this, drink 250-500 ml of water and wait one and a half hours.

Survey Results - Folliculose

During the procedure, the doctor sees the screen on the screen, whether the egg was ripe and was ready if the mucosa is taken to take it. Diagnosed:

  • Follicular cysts - formation with liquid inside;
  • Polycystic ovarian - a condition in which the tissue of the organ is similar to the accumulation of small cystic bubbles;
  • disorders of ovulation and ripening endometrial;
  • The absence of follicles that may ovulate;
  • persistence - the state when follicles ripen, but not "produced" eggs

The procedure allows the woman to find out whether it is worth waiting for the occurrence of pregnancy in a particular cycle, and the doctor of the gynecologist is to find out how productively the patient is treated. Despite the repeated use of ultrasound, the woman's body does not suffer because ultrasound is safe for the human body.

Of course, it is possible to determine the period of ovulation, not referring to medical care, but the results will be very dubious. The definition of an ovulation period in the clinic with ultrasound guarantees 100% accuracy.

How to determine ovulation at home

There are several methods for determining the ovulation of the house, but the effectiveness of such a definition has a weak percentage of reliability. These methods can only be used in the first stages of conception attempts, until infertility is supposed. If there is a suspicion of infertility, you need to urgently turn to the gynecologist and go through the procedure there.

Basal thermometry. Woman at the same time in the morning thermometer measures the temperature in the rear pass, the oral cavity or vagina. The most accurate indicators are obtained with a recycling measurement.

This method, despite the complexity, gives 100 percent accuracy. Many women with early ovulation (for 7-8 cycles) were able to become pregnant only after examination with ultrasound.

In the first phase, the temperature is 36.1-36.3 degrees. During ovulation, there is a jump on half graduates or even degrees. The indicator becomes 37.0 and even higher and maintained at this level before the start of menstruation. If pregnancy has come, the temperature retains the indicator.

Method disadvantages:

  • With inflammatory processes, basal indicators may vary unpredictable and not depend on the menstrual cycle.
  • Constant concern for obtaining indicators creates certain problems. A woman has to wake up at the same time, for example, at 7 am on a day off.
  • During the measurement period, alcohol cannot be used, since it affects the indicators.

It is very difficult to monitor this process yourself, because the basal temperature should be regularly measured, which is not always convenient.

Method for analyzing discharge

There are special devices working on the principles of the mini microscope. They allow you to consider the mucus of the cervix better.

Initially, the cycle of the mucous allocations are driving, and do not flow into the vagina. In the ovulation period, the mucus resembles an egg protein and under the microscope the smears look like fern sheets. This method is also not considered reliable:

  • The properties of mucus may vary with inflammatory processes and with sexual contacts.
  • Not every woman can "on the eyes" to determine the changes in the discharge, and sometimes the mucus allocates little.
  • You can look at the selection using the device, but you need to spend money on its acquisition and have a certain skill.

Ovulation test

When a family is ready for conception and plans a child, you can begin attempts to make an ovulation calendar, which will increase the chances to get pregnant quickly. To "catch" the most successful moment for conception, you can purchase a ovulation test, which will help to avoid all the difficulties of accounting parameters.

In recent times, the tests for ovulation have become popular, the action of which is similar to the work of the pregnancy test. They react to increasing the level of lethenizing hormones in the body. When immersed in the urine at the time of ovulation, two strips appear in a special window. The method is also not very accurate:

  • If a woman drank a lot of water on the eve, the test gives a false negative result.
  • The reagents that react to hormones standing out during ovulation are very sensitive, so they are mistaken even with minor testing errors.
  • The test may be poor-quality in itself.

There are disposable and reusable ovulation tests, but the authenticity of the result does not depend on these parameters. If you have decided to take advantage of the method of determining the LG, it is better to take tests in the clinic, and in this case blood is taken, which guarantees accurate results.

Electronic test - ovulation calendar

Another option is an electronic ovulation test - high-tech, but very expensive novelty. The price of the dough on ovulation is high, as the function of the device is concluded not only in collecting information, and the transmission of them through Internet communication channels by specialists in the analytics department. After a thorough study of a huge amount of data, and every day they are produced at least twenty thousand, the woman is reported monthly about the best time for conception, with accuracy of up to minutes.

American developers claim that the problem of conception will not be solved very quickly, most likely, it will take several weeks (and maybe months), but it is the test for ovulation, controlling and fixing all changes in the body of a woman will help make a menstrual cycle calendar and determine the perfect The moment when the cell is fully ready for fertilization.

Our doctors recommend not to waste time and money for new-fashioned new items, but to contact the clinic, for the passage of a special survey - folliculose.

Online ovulation calendar

Theoretically, pregnancy may occur at any period of the menstrual cycle. However, the probability increases significantly in the days preceding ovulation, and immediately when the ripe eggs leaves the ovary. We invite you to independently calculate the most favorable days to conceive the child with our calculator.

An online ovulation calculator will help you to determine the most successful days to conceive the baby. It should be borne in mind that the effectiveness of this method is reduced in the event that you have an irregular menstrual cycle. In addition, due to a number of reasons, the moment of ovulation may "shift". Therefore, it is necessary to remember that there are significantly more accurate methods, such as determining the level of sex hormones, the use of special tests for determination of ovulation, folliculosis on the ultrasound.

Violation of the ovulation cycle

The ovulation cycle may be violated in the following cases: if the woman moved an abortion or pregnancy. After an abortion, the body is restored for about 3 months. Ovulation will be difficult to predict and in the event that there was a delivery, the recovery period after that is about a year.

There are also other reasons why the ovulatory cycle is disturbed:

  • Long physical exertion.
  • Violated food.

  • Excess weight. In women who suffer this problem, there is a risk of hormonal failure, therefore the ovulation process is also violated.

  • Endocrine factors . Malignant or benign neoplasms, disorders in blood circulation, the reception of some hormonal drugs, violation or disease of the thyroid gland - these factors violate the pituitary operation, therefore the ovulation process is knocked down.

  • Syndrome unexploded follicula . Unfortunately, most often for this reason there are infertility of women. In the normal condition, when an ovulation occurs, the follicle bursts and pushes the finished egg to the abdominal cavity, then it enters the fallopian tube and moves slowly on it, and with this syndrome it does not happen, which leads to large problems of conception. The unexploded follicle then turns - the cyst, and the pregnancy does not happen.

  • Violation of the lutein phase. The lutein phase is the second (final) phase. The disorder of the stroke of the lutein phase is a violation of the work of the gland of the internal secretion, or a yellow body. In this case, it may be observed: the delay of menstruation, abundant or scant discharge, infertility or inability to endure a child, etc. Disruptions of this phase may occur due to abortion, starvation, with diseases of the reproductive system.

Follicleometry well monitors all stages of ovulation, so the gynecologist clearly sees what time a failure is happening.

What if ovulation does not occur?

First you need to visit a specialist for advice! Any self-medication can lead to complications. If a woman suffers from constant failures of menstruation, then you need to visit the gynecologist. And if, this problem is associated with hormonal disorders in the body of a woman, then it will be necessary to be treated at the endocrinologist.

How do the absence of ovulation?

At first, the doctor finds out the cause of pathology. It can be mechanical or physiological. Most often it is the second option. It is possible to cure such a state with hormone therapy, the main method is the stimulation of the ovaries.

Complete folliculose on new equipment that guarantees the accurate result, in the private clinic of Diana. Sign up at any convenient time, and the examination will be carried out without a queue. You can pass the folliculometry without a direction from the doctor. The result is issued in hand.

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So, methods for determining ovulation at home without pharmacy test is sufficient. Using one or more ways you can almost accurately determine the "X" day and plan a pregnancy or, on the contrary, to avoid unwanted conception.

Content

  1. Ovulation: Cycle Day, when the egg is ready for fertilization
  2. Ovulation: Symptoms that indicate readiness for conception
  3. Ovulation cycle
  4. No ovulation, or anointulation
  5. Answers to popular questions about ovulation

Ovilation (from the Latin Ovum - 'Egg') - the physiological process, during which the ovarian follicle in the abdominal cavity comes ready to fertilize the egg. This process goes from women from the moment of puberty and before the start of the climax, interrupting only during pregnancy. Ovulation and conception - two inseparable concepts. In the days of ovulation, the female organism is ready for fertilization.

The process occurs with a periodicity of 21-35 days depending on the length of the menstrual cycle, approximately in its middle. As a rule, after 12-16 (on average, after 14), menstruation occurs after ovulation.

phases of menstrual cyclesIn the middle of the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs, the symptoms of which can be weakly, and pronounced depending on the individual characteristics of the body:

1) painful sensations at the bottom of the abdomen;

2) enhances sexual attraction;

3) In the cervix, more mucus is highlighted;

4) The color of the selection may change.

1. Ovulation pain

Not all women feel pain when ovulation or after it. According to statistics, pain is observed in just one of five women. You can feel pain in ovulation due to small bleeding: the follicle bursts, and, besides the egg, the follicular fluid comes out of it, as well as small blood clots.

  • Nest pains for ovulation - Normal phenomenon.

Hurt during ovulation of the abdomen - where the ovaries are. The pain may be cutting, sting or grasp. Duration - about an hour, but some women have a day or two. If the pain during ovulation is strong, inform your gynecologist.

The ovaries work alternately: in one month, the follicle volunteers in the right, in another month - in the left ovary. For this reason, pain in ovulation is usually felt either right or left.

Gynecologists explain pain when ovulation by ovulation by the fact that the grave bubble stretches the walls of the ovary. Also, pain during ovulation is associated with the fact that liquid flows from the buzzing follicle. It stimulates cutting uterine and uterine pipes, which causes pain during ovulation.

  • Pain after ovulation - Not so common phenomenon.

If signs of ovulation worry you, contact a specialist. Pain after ovulation, for example a week before menstruation, can be a sign of inflammation of ovaries or other problems with the reproductive system. The pain during ovulation, before or after it, is not necessarily related to the yield of eggs: most of the gynecological diseases are accompanied by pains of different character and intensity.

2. Enhanced sexual attraction

Ovulation pains slightly affect sexuality: the sexual attraction in many even enhances. Nature itself suggests: ovulation began and the conception is now most likely.

3. Isolation during ovulation

If you are interested in how to determine ovulation, just watch your body:

  • selection may begin in a few hours before ovulation and continue up to two days;
  • During ovulation, it becomes more liquid compared to the discharges before and immediately after menstruation.

Liquid selection is one of the signs that you can determine what has begun ovulation, and the pregnancy is most likely. At the same time, they look like egg protein and must "stretch" between fingers.

4. Changed selection color

The color of the selection can be reddish and look like a small bleeding or pinkish. Please note: blood should not be much. The uterine bleeding can be life-threatening, for example, if the leg of the uterus is twisted with the leg.

The above symptoms allow you to determine the approximate days of ovulation. If the release has become more liquid, it does not necessarily mean ovulation.

Ovulation cycle

  • С 1st Menstruation Day begins Follicular, or menstrual, phase. During this period, several follicles begin to grow in the ovaries.
  • С 7th Day and until the middle of the cycle lasts the ovulatory phase. At this time, the main follicle - grappes bubble stands out. It ripens an egg.
  • 14th day 28-day cycle - ovulation. On this day, grappes bubble bursts: the mature egg comes out of it, which may be the beginning of a new life. It is at this moment that a woman can feel pain in ovulation. On the days after ovulation, the egg movement moves to the uterus along the phallopyaipe tube. According to various sources, the egg lies 24-48 hours, but many girls are on the question of how much ovulation lasts, they respond, they become pregnant in a period of up to 5 days after they received positive test results on the LG.
  • С 15th The day of the yellow body occurs - this period after ovulation and before the beginning of the following menstruation. The walls of the bunting follicle are going as flower petals in the evening, accumulate fats and lutein pigment, which gives them yellow. The modified grappes of the bubble is now called a yellow body - hence the name of the period.

The cycle is changing:

  • within one year
  • after childbirth;
  • within three months after abortion;
  • After 40 years, when the body is preparing for menopause.

Ovulation and pregnancy are closely connected, so the absence of the first leads to the impossibility of the child. However, even a healthy woman, the egg maker matures not in each cycle. Two or three cycles per year with anointing is normal. With age, the number of such periods increases.

But if the year four or more angulation - consult a doctor. As in cases where the woman has a lot of abdomen in ovulation, it may be a symptom of endocrine or gynecological diseases.

No ovulation is observed at:

  • pregnancy;
  • Klimakse;
  • violation of the hormonal background;
  • Taking some medicines.

If desired, the child has stimulated ovulation by hormonal drugs. But do not engage in self-medication. Stimulation should be under the control of an experienced physician: he will examine, will conduct the necessary tests and appoints the best medicines.

Types of ovulation:

  • timely;
  • premature ovulation;
  • Late.

Causes of premature ovulation

Premature - this is the exit of the egg cell in the middle of the menstrual cycle, but before. It can occur for various reasons:

  • Intense sexual intercourse;
  • exercise (lifting weights, training in the gym);
  • stress;
  • diet;
  • diseases;
  • Hormonal imbalance.

If you have an unstable cycle, it is difficult to talk about premature ovulation, since the hormonal system does not work normally.

Please note: the cause of premature ovulation can even become stress. Because of the nervous tension, attempts to lose weight, diseases that we do not even even pay attention, premature ovulation can pass quite often.

Causes of late ovulation

Sometimes due to hormonal failures, late ovulation can be observed. If in the middle of the cycle, the stomach does not hurt and there are suspicions that you have a late ovulation, pass the folliculose - tracking ovulation with ultrasound.

How many days of ovulation lasts?

Coming out of the follicle, the egg cell, according to various sources, "lives" 24-48 hours is the period of ovulation. Depending on how many days ovulation lasts - one or two, "your chances change to get pregnant.

Ovulation: What day to plan conception?

If you are planning a pregnancy, you need to consider how much ovulation lasts and how many spermatozoa lives. After ovulation, the egg lears only one day, and spermatozoa - 2-3 days. Based on this to get pregnant, sexual intercourse should happen not earlier than 2-3 days before and no later than 24 hours after ovulation.

How not to get pregnant, knowing when ovulation is held (cycle day)?

Because of the late and premature ovulation, due to the fact that some men sperm live longer than 7 days, as well as a whole range of other reasons, the calendar method is the same "reliable" method of contraception, as well as interrupted sexual act (Pearl Index at the calendar method - 14-38.5, and the interrupted sexual intercourse has 12-38). Even if your abdominal hurts with ovulation and you know exactly when it passes, it will not protect you from unwanted pregnancy.

Is it possible to get pregnant at late or premature ovulation?

Yes of course.

How does the test for ovulation work?

In the middle of the menstrual cycle, the level of luteinizing hormone is growing. The ovulation test is designed to determine its amount in the urine.

It is easier to use the test than to measure basal temperature and draw a ovulation schedule. When clinical trials, the test gives a very high level of accuracy - 99%. If you follow the instructions, you can accurately determine the most favorable period for conception. Although when receiving some drugs, incorrect results are possible.

Most often, the test contains 5 strips in hermetic packages. In addition to them, you may need hours.

As soon as you notice signs of ovulation, such as ovulation pain, spend the test to make sure it goes. How to use the dough on ovulation is usually indicated on the package. The ovulation test is usually used in the same way as a pregnancy test: collect urine into clean dry dishes and place a test strip to the specified mark on the specified marker for 5-10 seconds. After 10 minutes you will learn the result.

How much is a test for ovulation?

The test for ovulation, the price of which varies from different manufacturers, is usually more expensive for pregnancy test. If you want to get pregnant, buy an ovulation test: its price is small compared to the fact that you bring your dream. A set of five Frautest strips costs about 300 rubles, Eviplan - about the same, Ovuplan - cheaper, up to 200 rubles.

If you suspect the absence of ovulation or for another reason you want to make tests in each cycle, you can purchase a reusable digital test - it costs about 1000 rubles. This is especially convenient for premature ovulation or too late.

How to determine if an egg generation occurs when the base temperature graph?

Ovulation testWhat day is ovulation going on? This question is interested in many women: and those who are not yet ready to replenish the family and are protected from unwanted pregnancy, and those who dream and want to become a mother.

The basal temperature during ovulation rises by 0.3-0.6 ° C, and about a day to it - slightly lowers. Every day measuring the temperature and building a schedule, a woman can know about the occurrence of ovulation a day before it starts. Determination of ovulation in basal temperature is a simple method, but one hundred percent accuracy does not give.

The basal temperature during ovulation is slightly rising. It must be measured in the morning at the same time, in the position lying without getting out of bed. You need to use the same thermometer. To measure the temperature, you must enter a medical thermometer into the rear pass for 5 minutes. These dimensions, you contribute to the ovulation schedule, which marks the days of the menstrual cycle and temperature.

Since the beginning of menstruation and to the middle of the cycle, the temperature is below 37 ° C. When the egg ripens, the temperature rises only by several tenth of degrees, but a noticeable jump will be visible on the chart. This is the period of ovulation: a favorable time for conception, if you want to have a child, and the most "dangerous" - if you do not plan to replenish the family.

How does the calendar method of determining ovulation work?

To find out when ovulation occurs (on what day cycle), count how many days from the beginning of one menstruation takes place before the start of another. The time of ovulation falls on the middle of the cycle plus-minus two days. That is, if from the first day of menstruation before the onset of the next menstruation passes 28 days, then ovulation takes place on day 14-15. If your cycle is 35 days, then it happens on day 17-18 after the start of menstruation. These days, some women feel pain during ovulation and other signs described above.

Are there any ways to determine exactly what day ovulation is happening?

How to determine ovulation with 100% probability? There are two ways.

one. Ultrasound : During the procedure, the size and phase of the development of the follicle are determined, and also calculate when it burst and the egg will come out of it, or an ovulation will come. 2. Blood test for luteinizing hormone : This is a hormone that highlights the front proportion of the pituitary gland. Its level in the body increases significantly before ovulation. In the same principle, the work of pharmacy tests for ovulation was founded.

Is it possible to get pregnant on days after ovulation?

After ovulation, the greatest opportunity to get pregnant is preserved within 24 hours (according to some data - 36-48 hours). If the conception did not happen, the egg dealers dies.

Video "Symptoms of ovulation"

Ovulation is one of the main processes responsible for the reproductive function of a woman. In many cases, the cause of infertility

Ignorance in which time of time can become pregnant. Focusing the phases of the cycle and understand the body's device is useful for those plans to conceive or, on the contrary, wants to avoid unwanted pregnancy. And yet, who cares about their health.

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is one of the stages of the menstrual cycle. This is a peak fertility of a woman. During ovulation, there is a mature egg from the ovary in the fallopian tube, where it is ready to meet with sperm. If fertilization occurs within 24 hours, pregnancy occurs. If there is no eggs collapsed, the body turns it along with blood and endometrial: this is the monthly. After menstruation, the cycle is repeated.

Ovulation cycle

Since spermatozoa retain the viability in the uterine pipes from 3 to 7 days, the conception can occur, even if the sexual act was performed before ovulation. Taking into account all the factors, on average, the woman can get pregnant for 5-6 days every month. This time interval is called "Fermity Window"

The duration of ovulation is that segment during which the egg cell is ready for fertilization is in the fallopian tube. Although the average time is taken 24 hours, it is individually for each woman, and the egg cell can be viable from 16 to 48 hours.

  • In addition, between the cycles, the duration of ovulation is capable of shifting in one direction or another from the expected date. This occurs under the influence of stress, infections, hormonal failures and other external factors, as well as just characteristics of the body (which is not pathology). Allocate the following periods of ovulation
  • Early ovulation - a few days before the expected date
  • Late ovulation - a few days after the expected date

No ovulation - for some reason, the egg cell does not come out of the follicle.

When is ovulation?

Ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the cycle, if it lasts "put" 28 days. In case the cycle consists of a smaller or more day, it is impossible to rely only on mathematics: the egg cell can be out of the ovary by 13, 15 or 16 days.

Signs of ovulation

  • Determine ovulation only by its symptoms is difficult (their combination is individually), however, there are general features:
  • Pulling pain at the bottom of the belly
  • Changes in the discharge. Their quantity increases, they become transparent, more liquid and drig - like egg whites
  • Increases chest sensitivity

Enhance sexual desire.

Basic methods for determining ovulation How to determine ovulation?

In addition to the analysis of subjective sensations, there are many methods to "catch" it: both at home and with the help of specialists. Calendar method of determining ovulation

  • This method is suitable for women with a regular cycle. Take data on menstruation in recent months and count the following segment:
  • To calculate the possible start of ovulation, take 18 from the duration of the shortest cycle

The end of ovulation is determined by subtracting 11 from among the days of the longest cycle itself.

This will be an approximate period of your fertility. If you are afraid to get confused, online calculator for calculating ovulation

It will help determine the desired time interval.

Measuring basal temperature

Basal temperature

This is the temperature in the rectum. It is measured immediately after sleep (at least 6 hours) with a special thermometer, the procedure is painless. It is necessary to measure every day for several cycles every day to identify changes indicating ovulation. The basal temperature during ovulation increases sharply and remains unchanged until the end of the cycle. The disadvantage of this method is that other factors for example, viral diseases and inflammatory testimony can affect the degrees

processes.

Ovulation tests

The easiest way to use at home is the easiest way. Special ovulation tests

Sold in pharmacies, externally, they resemble pregnancy tests and are used in the same way. During ovulation in the urine, the level of the lethenizing hormone required to exit an egg from the ovary is sharply increasing. The result of the test shows whether this hormone is increased, which means there is ovulation 3

Ultrasonic Method (Folliculicometry)

Ultrasonic folliculosis helps to see the growing follicle, from which the ripened egg is prepared. This method has a flaw. To learn ovulation, ultrasound must be carried out several times for not one cycle. With a regular 28 day cycle, the folliculometry is made on 21-33 days. With an unstable cycle, the ultrasound is carried out if the symptoms of PMS appeared. Another option every 2 weeks before the detection of the growing follicle, then after 3-4 days.

  • Analysis of cervical mucus
  • Ovulation precedes an increase in estrogen levels, as a result of which the cervix begins to actively produce mucus. When ovulation is oval, the selection is noticeably enhanced, become drigi, and its f act can be checked if the mucus is noted between the fingers by about 2 cm. This method is not capable of accuracy, since many reasons can affect the increase in selection. It is more reliable to fully combine the analysis of cervical mucus and any other method of determining ovulation.
  • Why no ovulation

If ovulation for any reason does not occur, this phenomenon is called anonylation it can be worn both natural and pathological character.

  • The absence of ovulation is the norm if:
  • You are pregnant, recently gave birth or feed the baby breast
  • After the first menstruation passed less than 2 years
  • Ovulation does not occur 2-3 cycles per year (due to stress, shifts of climatic zones, etc.).
  • In other cases, the following causes of a pathological age can be distinguished:

Menstrual violations

Obesity or lack of body weight

 

Endocrine diseases

  • Gynecological diseases, inflammatory processes.
  • There are methods that allow to treat the absence of ovulation them appoints a gynecologist after a thorough examination. In addition, the refusal of bad habits (smoking) and caffeine makes it possible to increase the likelihood of conception. For example, substances contained in tobacco smoke reduce the production of estrogen necessary for ripening eggs. Compliance with the regime, healthy lifestyle and balanced nutrition also positively affect fertility of a woman
  • Frequently asked questions about ovulation
  • What diseases may disrupt the ovulation cycle?
  • Disturbance of the cycle or the complete absence of ovulation is one of the common causes of infertility of a woman. The problem may be caused by failures in the work of the whole organism. Such as:
  • Hormonal failures. The ripening of eggs occurs under the influence of sex hormones. If their balance is broken, the ovulation cycle is also violated

Hypertension

Inflammatory processes in the sexual system and other gynecological diseases

Can tests for ovulation be not accurate?

Causes of blood during ovulation

How long does ovulation last?

Causes of pain during ovulation

Why pull the bottom of the abdomen after ovulation?

Many women feel painful abdominal abdominal after ovulation as a consequence that the gap of the follicle and the output of it eggs. There is another reason - pain can sign about conception.

Ovulation calendar
  • Hurts chest after ovulation
  • Pain in the chest during ovulation is natural and is one of its symptoms. If it is preserved in the future and is accompanied by a delay of menstruation, it may be a sign of pregnancy.
  • Can ovulation be immediately after menstruation?
  • It depends on the individual characteristics of the woman. If the cycle is short, ovulation may occur for 5 days.

Womenfirst.

Basal temperature

Obstetrics: National Guide / Ed. G. M. Savelieva, T. Sucheh, V. N. Serov, V. E. Radzinsky. - 2nd ed., Pererab. and add. - M.: Gootar Media, 2019. - 1080 p. - (Series "National Guides").

Gynecology: textbook / ed. V.E. Marazinsky, A.M. Fuksa. - 2nd ed., Pererab. and add. - M.: Goeotar Media, 2019. - 1104 p.

BIOMED RES INT. 2015: 2015: 751571. Dol: 10.1155 / 2015/751571. EPUB 2015 Aug 30. The Association Between Endometriomas and Ovarian Cancer: Preventive Effect of Inhibiting Ovulation and Menstruation During Reproductive Life. Grandi G, Toss A, Cortesi L et al. PMID: 26413541.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 SEP 9: 9: CD010290. Dol: 10.1002 / 14651858.cd010290.pub. Gonadotrophins for Ovulation Induction in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Weiss NS, Nahuls M, Bayram N et al. PMID: 2635062.

Rus2133830 dated 08.04.2020

Nature provides for a certain time when a woman can conceive a child. To know what kind of ovulation in women is important for all pairs planning pregnancy. Information will also be useful to those who do not use the contraceptive means, but in the near future children do not plan.

Content:

What is ovulation in women and when she comes

From a medical point of view, ovulation is the process of outlet of the ripened egg from the ovary to the uterine tube. If at this moment it will meet a spermatozoa, then with a high probability of fertilization.

Girls follicles are formed during the development of the fetus in the maternal womb, their stock is a dense of life. Activity begins to exercise during puberty.

The term of ovulation is individual in every woman and depends on the duration of the menstrual cycle.

In healthy women, the process takes place two weeks before the start of the next menstruation. For example, if the cycle is regular and lasts 28 days, then find out what day the ovulation occurs, it is possible: 28-14 = 14, that is, the output of the egg should be waited on 14 days from the beginning of the monthly.

In practice, the process time can be shifted due to changes in hormonal background. In addition, even one woman cycles do not always last the same amount of time.

With an early ovulation, the egglet does not have time to mature completely, it is not capable of conception, and if it happens, then the risk of miscarriage. If the phenomenon occurs later than the expected date, then there is a danger of unplanned pregnancy in women who consider these days safe and do not use contraceptives.

  • It is important to understand that the egg leaving remains viable 12-36 hours. Sperm cells can be inside the body of a woman in an active state for three days, and in some cases until the week. Consequently, the period when pregnancy can occur with unprotected sexual acts, includes 6 days: 3 days before ovulation and 2-3 days after its offensive.

  • On the preparation of the body to conceive, a woman can guess on characteristic features.

  • Symptoms of the offensive of ovulation

  • It is possible to notice the approaching or overcoming ovulation, if you carefully treat your health condition. Unnoticed for a woman there is a change in the position of the cervix: it becomes higher and softened.

  • When the exit of the egg, a woman:

May experience discomfort at the bottom of the abdomen, the lower back at the time of the outlet of the oocyte. Pains wear the character of pulling, localization is the right or left ovary.

It notices an increase in the amount of secretions, they acquire the type of thick transparent mucus. Duration - 1-3 days.

Feels enhancing sexual attraction. So the body pushes a woman to reproduction.

It may notice an increase in basal temperature due to changes in hormonal background. The sign can be detected only with a regular dimension of this indicator.

Notes an increase in the sensitivity of the mammary glands.

  1. Some women experience dizziness, headache, bloating, discharge in mood, sleep problems.

  2. The completion of ovulation can be guessed by noting the change in the type of selection. They become white, less crazy and abundant.

  3. Methods for determining ovulation

  4. Cased the day suitable for conception depending on the menstrual cycle or focusing on the subjective sensations, you can make a mistake.

To help women exist proven ways to accurately determine.

Ultrasound with folliculose. The study is carried out three times in the cycle, the growth of the active follicle is controlled in the process and confirmed / refutes the fact of the formation of a yellow body in the ovary.

Measurement of basal temperature. If ovulation has accomplished, then the formed yellow body begins to produce a hormone progesterone. The process causes an increase in body temperature by 0.5 units. The method is distinguished by painstaking, as the daily temperature measurement is required in the rectum, lying in bed and from the first day of the cycle.

Pharmacy tests. Used at home. The action is based on the reaction to the emission of luteinizing hormone. The test strip must be equal to color or become brighter than the control, in this case the process will occur in the next 1-1.5 days. It is necessary to start testing tests every day 4 days before the expected ovulation before discovering a positive result. Disadvantage - can be false positive.

Blood test for hormones that participate in the process.

  • Medical methods are used mainly by stimulating the ripening of an egg for the ECO procedure or to control the process in the treatment of infertility caused by the pathology of the endocrine system.

  • Causes of lack of ovulation in women

  • In a childbow age, each healthy woman ovulation occurs every month. During the year, 1-2 cycles are permissible to which it is missing.

  • With age, the number of anhibition cycles increases. This is how difficulties are explained with the conception of a child after 35 years: the exit of the egg takes place more and less often, and some women only 5-6 times a year.

  • But both young women have such an important physiological process may be absent. Main reasons:

  • Permanent stress.

  • Increased physical exertion.

  • Gynecological diseases (ovarian polycystosis, inflammatory processes).

  • Excess body or its deficit. Any harsh weight fluctuations entail hormonal failure.

  • Thyroid dysfunction.

  • Early Climax.

Reception of some drugs (antidepressants, corticosteroids, neuroleptics).

Tumors (for example, ovaries, adrenal glands, pituitary glands).

Syndromes: Turner, squid or shyhana.

Diseases of the kidneys and liver.

Autoimnuna pathology.

During the pregnancy, lactation, at the first menstruation, during the reception of hormonal contraception means, during the period of Klimaks, the lack of ovulation is not a deviation. To suspect the deviation, a woman can with an irregular menstrual cycle or the absence of menstruation, with long and abundant blood discharge, hair loss and excess weight. Ensure the absence of an exit of an egg to the uterine tube will help a comprehensive examination. Thus, ovulation is a process provided for by nature and a woman gives a chance to become a mother. Without the release of a mature egg from the ovary, fertilization is impossible. In healthy women, the conception of the child is most likely in the middle of the cycle. To know when ovulation occurs, lead the menstruation calendar, follow the changes in women's health and use special methods. What is ovulation? Ovulation - This is the process of breaking the bag with an egg in the ovary, as a result of which the mature egg "is thrown out" and falls from the ovary to the uterine tube. The word "ovulation" literally means "the process associated with the egg ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

During the pregnancy, lactation, at the first menstruation, during the reception of hormonal contraception means, during the period of Klimaks, the lack of ovulation is not a deviation.

). Ovulation is a mechanism that provides the transition of a ripened egg from the place where it matures ( ovary ) to the place where conception will occur (

uterus

). Ovulation is an important sign of women's fertility ( Ability to conceive ). Ovulation occurs every 21 - 36 days, depending on the length of the menstrual cycle. Its attack falls on the middle of the menstrual cycle, therefore ovulation is considered a certain point of reference or a moment that separates the two phases of the menstrual cycle. All changes before ovulation refer to the first phase of the cycle, and all changes after the second one. The menstrual cycle, in which a woman has ovulation, is called ovulatory. Normal ovulation Ovulation is the final stage of the first phase of the menstrual cycle, during which growth and ripening of several follicles occurs in the ovaries. The follicle is an egg reservoir, a kind of bag or a bubble, which consists of granulose cells ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

Granular cells

), anec cell ( Cells of connective tissue ) and basal membrane ( The separation shell between these two layers of cells Ovulation is preceded by a change in the follicle. From immature follicles under the influence of pituitary hormones, the ripening of an egg and an increase in the size of several follicles occurs. The whole process lasts 10 - 18 days, depending on the length of the menstrual cycle. In any case, ovulation is always not the middle of the cycle. At the beginning of the cycle ( When a woman has menstruation ) Follicles have a small diameter, only 2 mm. They are called Primordial ( Initially, primary

). The liquid inside the follicle is called follicular. Follicle ( And rather, the cells of the granolasses and the-cell cell ) actively allocates biologically active substances, such as sex hormones (

basically estrogen ) and enzymes. The growth of the follicle is characterized by the accumulation of follicular fluid with the formation of cavity and the growth of granular cells and the cell cells. The largest of the greeted follicles becomes the main contender for ovulation. It is called a grapham bubble or dominant follicle. It is 100 times more primary follicle. The remaining follicles cease to grow and are exposed to reverse development. Graphs bubble is formed about 10 days after the start of menstruation. Within the next few days, this bubble with an egg begins to increase dramatically in size. The liquid accumulates in it, and the walls become thinner. As the follicle increases, many estrogen and enzymes are accumulated in its liquid, which begin to destroy the basal membrane and cause reducing the inner shell of the follicle. On the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, the bubble bursts, and this moment is denoted as ovulation. A follicular fluid, escaped under pressure at a break ( 5 - 10 ml ) Causes the egg and throws it into the uterine tube. Ovulation is always accompanied by bleeding from the destroyed minor vessels of the follicle. Partially blood and liquid from the bubble fall into the abdominal cavity, from where they are absorbed.

Ovulation and all processes in the genital organs before and after it are controlled by the nervous and endocrine system, that is, hormones and nerve regulation centers in the brain. Stimulation of the growth and development of the follicle in the first phase is regulated by follicularity hormone (

FSH

), which is produced in the pituitary. Right before ovulation, due to a sharp increase in estrogen in the follicle, stimulation of the emission of another hormone of pituitary - luteinizing hormone occurs ( LG ). The allocation of this hormone marks the transition to the second phase of the cycle.

The growth and development of follicles occur in both ovaries, but the formation of a dominant follicle and ovulation occurs only in one.

Ovulation is observed 1 time per cycle. In rare cases, follicles are ripening in both ovaries, and no 1 follicle oval ovulates, and 2. This phenomenon is often called double ovulation, but the term is not completely successful. It is more correct in this case to talk about two ovulating follicles for one ovulation. The fact is that ovulation is not only a burst follicle, but also hormonal changes that cause this process. Hormonal changes are the peak of female sex hormones and pituitary hormones, which happens once during the cycle.

phases of menstrual cycles

There are even more rare cases when the breaking of two ripe follicles does not occur simultaneously, but with an interval of several days (

Usually no more than 7

). In this case, there are two peaks of hormone separation, and therefore we can say that two ovulation occurred for one cycle.

Symptoms of ovulation

Symptoms of ovulation are called signs that feels or observed a woman during ovulation. Since the exact day of ovulation is not always possible, it is customary to use the term "ovulation period" or "Fertility window". The period of ovulation includes the day of ovulation itself and a few days before and after it. These are the days most favorable for conception. The term "window of fertility" literally means a period favorable for fertilization. It was called him due to the fact that he lasts long, that is, a woman becomes pregnant, it may not be on any day of the menstrual cycle, but only in the days that come in the period of ovulation. Usually, the period of ovulation or the fertility window lasts 7 days.

Ovulation can occur a little earlier, for example, if there was an intense sexual intercourse and a stormy orgasm, the follicle can be broken by 3-4 days earlier, that is, not at 13 - 14 days, and at 9-11. ovulation may also be inverted when overwork, malnutrition or if a woman is experiencing depression.

Complaints that are experiencing a woman and phenomena with the body, which it is observed during the ovulation period, are combined into the so-called ovulatory syndrome. Signs of ovulatory syndrome Sign

Description

Ovulatory pain In some women, after ovulation, there is a stretching pain at the bottom of the abdomen. Her origin, many experts bind not to the gap of the follicle, but with irritation of the sensitive nerve cells of the peritoneum ( Sheath covering abdominal organs ) Liquid-spilled follicle. From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

Feeling humidity in the vagina

(During the period of ovulation, the mucus in the vagina changes its properties under the influence of estrogen ( )

Female sex hormone of the first phase cycle ). The mucus becomes more water and dying, so a woman can feel the accumulation of oily mucus at the entrance to the vagina. These sensations are not related to the sensation of humidity during sexual intercourse, they are allocated regardless of the sex excitation of a woman. Such changes in mucus have a goal to preserve the viability of sperm ( The mucus during the ovulation period has an alkaline reaction, and spermatozoa can be saved in an alkaline medium to 5 days Sign of mucus Allocations from the vagina

During the ovulation period, the so-called cervical mucus is allocated, which is formed in the cervix (

Cervic - Shaika ). This mucus during the ovulation period partially penetrates the cavity of the vagina through the outer channel of the cervix. With sex act, it helps absorb sperm and throw it into the uterine cavity. Such a mucus is similar to egg protein, that is, it happens to be transparent, it may contain impurities of white, brown or pink. Such a mucus is called "fruit", as it indicates the high readiness of the female organism to conceive. Pink color or bleeding impurities of different shades in the cervical mucus occur due to partial rejection of the uterine mucosa under the influence of estrogen ( This is usually observed at a very high level of estrogen ). Sometimes the mucus becomes very water and simply leaks out of the vagina. This feature also testifies to the overaffect of estrogen. Libido strengthening

Libido strengthening (

Sexidation

) is explained by the increased development of androgens ( Male genital hormones From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

) In the female organism during ovulation. The source of androgens are the cells of the follicle, so during the period of ovulation, these hormones are actively highlighted. This, of course, has the goal to promote the process of conception. After ovulation, the woman begins to produce a hormone progesterone, which slows down a sexy feeling.

Burning of the mammary glands Estrogens contribute to the expansion of breast milk ducts. In addition, they are able to delay sodium ions in the body, and with them and water, which contributes to the edema of the breast. This may cause painful heat. None of the above features is mandatory, that is, ovulation can occur, but not accompanied by any symptoms (

Even discharge

Calculation of ovulation (how to determine ovulation?)

Calculate ovulation is needed to determine the fifty window, that is, favorable for conception. You can determine the day of ovulation on the day of the beginning of menstruation, according to the signs of ovulation, as well as using tests and instrumental research methods. The gynecologist can cause a woman to receive and identify signs of ovulation using a gynecological inspection. Given that the changes should be assessed in the dynamics (

  • For some time constantly comparing the results
  • ), then more comfortable for both the patient were created, and for a doctor's method.
  • With regular periods, the calculation turns out to be more accurate. Calculate ovulation with irregular monthly more difficult. For this, it is required to apply the entire arsenal of existing ways, since irregular periods may be due to the absence of ovulation. Cycles without ovulation are called anoint.
  • It is important to know that for 12 months a healthy woman may have about 3 cycles, during which ovulation does not occur. Doctors consider it a normal phenomenon if no pathology has been revealed. There are the following methods for calculating and defining ovulation: calendar method;
  • measurement of basal temperature;
  • Cervical mucus method;

Syptothermal method of the Retzer (

  • Schedule ovulation ); calendar method;
  • express test for ovulation;
  • Follicleometry.

All methods used to determine ovulation are estimated at the following three parameters:

availability ( Easy carrying price;

Accuracy. Calendar method Simple way to determine the day of ovulation is the division of the number of days of the menstrual cycle (

gap between two menstruation ) In half, considering that ovulation falls on the middle of the cycle. However, it is necessary to know that it is unreliable, because in some cases regular periods are not at all monthly, but bleeding from the uterus caused by a disruption of the menstrual cycle. The calendar method of calculating ovulation requires accurate knowledge of the length of the menstrual cycle. For this, a woman should watch 3 - 4 months behind the start of menstruation. Since the length of the cycle may fluctuate a little ( before or later on day or two ), it is recommended to calculate the middle length. For this, the number of three cycles days is summed and divided by 3. Otherwise, the first fertile day ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

First day of the ovulation period

) You can calculate as follows. For 6 cycles, observe the duration of the cycle. Take the number of days in the shortest cycle and subtract 18 of them. Some authors offer to deduct 20 days. Considering the absence of a single opinion and other factors that may affect the duration of the cycle ( Stresses, bad sleep, diet, infection ) This method is not reliable. It can only be used by those women who have a menstrual cycle differs by regularity ( Works "like a clock" Evaluation of cervical fluid

Cervical fluid is the same cervical selection (

  • cervical ) who "got" to the entrance to the vagina and were discovered by a woman on underwear or on a napkin or during water procedures. Cervical mucus can also be isolated during a gynecological inspection or independently (
  • Woman introduces a finger into the vagina and removes mucus from there ). The calculation of ovulation by observing the discharge or sign of the mucus is called the Billings method. Depending on the type of selection from the vagina, the following periods of the menstrual cycle are distinguished: From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

Privided days - abundant excretion of the cervical mucus; Barren days - these are "dry" days when the mucus from the vagina does not stand out or the mucus of a cotton character and white color is distinguished ( The first 6 days of the menstrual cycle and the days after the completion of ovulation are measurable

The day during which the woman last observes the selection of the cervical mucus, is called the peak of the suspension of the mucus, and its amount does not matter. It is possible to determine this day by comparing the selection during ovulation and post-dealers (

Allocation after the ovulation period

), which commemorate the end of ovulation. Ovulation is considered to be finished if after the peak of a sign of mucus for three days the woman does not have a discharge ( so-called "dry" days ). On 4 "dry" day, the mucus is considered "fruitless". This feature is called the peak rule of the slope.

It is important to know the peak day of a sign of mucus, since it is usually that it corresponds to the day of ovulation, and all pronounced discharge from the vagina are observed before ovulation at the peak of the excretion of estrogen. That is, as soon as the follicle bursts, the level of estrogen falls sharply and the separation of the mucus of the "fertile type" stops.

In any case, the period of ovulation or the fertility window includes the peak day of the attitude of the mucus and three days before and three days after. To accurately determine the day of ovulation with this feature is not possible.

Sometimes after the day of the peak, a sign of mucus for three "dry" days may be selected by the fruit of mucus (

for 4 days

). In this case, it is often believed that an additional or double ovulation occurred. The absorption of the mucus is associated with the re-peak of estrogen, so such sections are called a new peak. In this case, by the last day of the re-peak, the sign of the mucus should be added to another 3 "prolific" days, that is, to include during ovulation.

The difference between "fruit" mucus from "fruitless"

Properties

"Protreme" mucus

"Besle" mucus

Transparency

Transparent like glass

Muddy

Consistency

Liquid

Thick, with breasts

Crash

Elastic

Viscous

Slipness

Slipping

Lipkaya

Color

Colorless

White or yellow Humidity )

Causes a feeling of humidity in the vagina

Does not cause humidity sensations in the vagina

Degree of stretching

Up to 8 cm between two fingers (

Between the big and index finger allocated from each other without tension

Nerastye, breaks down when trying to stretch it

Blood impurities

May be present

Not characteristic To distinguish "prolific" mucus from "fruitless" can also be sampled. For this, a glass of water is needed, where it is necessary to lower the selected mucus. If the mucus in water did not dissolve and "floats" in the form of a lump, it is prolific, and if dissolved - it means fruitless. Since in the period of ovulation, many pairs planning pregnancy come into sexual contact, then a woman may mistakenly adopt a seed fluid from the vagina for ovulatory discharge. It is characteristic that the seed fluid does not have tightness, it cannot be stretched.

Schedule ovulation

  • The ovulation schedule is compiled by a woman independently based on the data of the basal temperature and the nature of the discharge from the vagina. The basal temperature is the real temperature indicator of the internal organs. It is measured in mucous membranes, it is usually more convenient to do it through the rectum, but in the oral cavity or in the vagina. For this, a woman in the morning, immediately after waking up, without getting up from bed, puts a thermometer into the mucous membrane of the specified cavities for 5 to 7 minutes. So it is necessary to come every day for one cycle to accurately track the change in the schedule. It is important to measure the temperature always in the same place and desirable the same thermometer.
  • You can take special leaves or draw the table itself. It is necessary to start measuring the basal temperature from the first day of the menstrual cycle, that is, with the beginning of menstruation. Measuring the temperature every day, the woman puts the point in the cell that corresponds to the degree on the thermometer ( Temperature listed in the right side schedule ). Connecting points to each other, get the curve. If a woman has ovulation, the ovulation schedule is as follows: From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell
  • With the beginning of menstruation, the temperature begins to decline, so usually the curve of the graph is sent down.
  • Starting from 5 days of the menstrual cycle, minor temperature fluctuations may be occurred, but in general the curve is kept at exactly (
  • oscillations in the range of 0.4ºC ). The drop in temperature after menstruation is associated with a decrease in progesterone levels and an increase in estrogen level. With the prevalence of estrogen, progesterone cannot have an effect on the thermoregulation center ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

Normably progesterone contributes to increasing body temperature

Before ovulation, the woman registers the minimum level of basal temperature, while the temperature is even lower than during menstruation. This is due to the peak of estrogen before ovulation and during.

Immediately after ovulation, the body temperature begins to rise, which is due to the transformation of the follicle already without an egg in the so-called yellow body. This yellow body begins to produce progesterone in large quantities. The temperature is registered above 37ºC, which holds several days after ovulation.

  • After 4 days after ovulation, the temperature is normalized and keeps at 36.6ºC, dropping before menstruation. If pregnancy occurs, the reducing of the basal temperature is not observed before month, since in this case the yellow body continues to allocate progesterone ( It is also called a hormone of pregnancy Such a chart, many doctors in shape compared with a bird, while the peak of increasing the temperature is its beak, and the steps of increasing and lowering before and after ovulation - its wings. If the woman ovulation does not occur, then these oscillations do not happen. The schedule is obtained almost smooth. It is important to know that the difference between the lowest and highest temperatures should be more than 0.4ºC. From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell
  • The schedule must be 3 - 4 months to track the regularity of the cycle and possible disorders that can not always be caught during one cycle. The ovulation schedule must be compiled in the following cases:
  • Desire to conceive a child - The most favorable for conception for days is considered the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation or the first day of the high temperature and the last days of the discharge of the mucus. The fact is that the egg cell can be fertilized within 12 hours after ovulation, which means - spermatozoa should get to the uterus before the ovulation will happen. The spermatozoa with sex acts penetrate from the vagina to the cervical channel, and then into the uterine cavity. This distance they pass in a few hours while the eggs through the uterine tubes reach the uterus. Spermatozoa retain their vitality - up to 5 days, but their ability to conceive them in the first day (

In the presence of "fertile" mucus up to 5 days The desire to avoid unwanted pregnancy - On the same days that are desirable for pregnancy, sex contacts should be avoided if the woman does not plan to pregnancy. Detection of disorders of the menstrual cycle - Drawing up the graphic of the menstrual cycle allows you to reveal cycles without ovulation, as even with a great desire to conceive a child and sexual acts at the most favorable days, the desired pregnancy may not come. At the same time, the woman may not notice this, since bleeding from the uterus or menstrual-like reaction can be taken for menstrual blood. Menstrual-like reaction occurs as a result of pathological changes in the mucous membrane of the uterus and imbalance of female genital hormones. With menstrual-like reaction, it is usually no ovulation.

The method of pregnancy planning and determining the day of ovulation by measuring the basal temperature and observation of mucus is called the symptothermal method of the rogue. "Symptothermal" literally means "based on a symptom (

Selection of mucus

) and changes in the thermal reaction (

  • Temperatures of the body ) ".
  • Gynecological examination Gynecological inspection is carried out using special tools. They are called mirrors. The gynecologist introduces the mirror in the vagina, which allows you to inspect the cervix, take the smear to the study and extract mucus from the cervix. Gynecological examination allows you to identify the following signs of ovulation: Symptom "Pupil". This symptom can be seen when examining the outer opening of the cervical cervix. Closer in ovulation it becomes wider, opens. Through a dialing hole of the channel, a cable mucus becomes visible, which is somewhat aluminous from the channel, so when inspection, the canal itself and the brilliant mucus resemble the pupil. The gynecologist assesses this symptom to the diameter of the visible mucus in the cervix. If the diameter is 1 mm, then the sign +, 2 mm - ++, 3 mm - +++. The maximum number of advantages indicates a period of ovulation. Reducing the severity of the symptom indicates that ovulation has already passed. Symptom of "Fern Leaf". If the cable mucus is applied to the slide, dry at room temperature and inspect under the microscope, it can be noted that crystals were formed in it ( Symptom crystallization mucus ). The crystals are located in such a way that create a picture resembling a fern leaf. This symptom occurs under the impact of estrogen, which changes the physico-chemical properties of the mucus. The maximum severity of the crystallization of the mucus is for the period of ovulation ( By 12 - 14 days
  • ). Up to 9 days of the cycle, this symptom is negative ( mucus does not form crystals ). And after 17 days ( After the end of ovulation

) The severity of this symptom is gradually reduced, which again becomes negative from 20 to 22 days and to menstruation. Cyricultural index - this is the ratio of vaginal surface cells to the total number of all types of cells (

In the vagina there are cells 5 types

). This symptom can be assessed using a storage of the smear taken during the gynecological examination. The smear is applied to the slide and color in a special way, after which they are considered under the light microscope. During ovulation, this index is 60 - 80%, and before and after ovulation - 25 - 30%. Changing the ratio of vagina cells is also due to the impact of estrogen. 5 - 10 ml The establishment of these signs of ovulation requires re-visits to the gynecologist, while their accuracy is usually 50%. The fact is that all of the above signs occur under the influence of estrogen, while the process of ovulation is controlled by estrogens partially. The hormone of the pituitary is also involved in the follicula break (

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvfoornswxw.

Lutinizing hormone ), and enzymes that produces the follicle itself. That is, signs of ovulation can be, with the most ovulation, that is, the exit of the egg cell, may not happen. Express test for ovulation

The ovulation test allows you to determine the sign of ambulance to its offensive. It looks like a pregnancy test. It is also carried out using urine. The difference is that the ovulation test is designed to identify in the urine of luteinizing hormone (

), It stands out before ovulation and stimulates it. The test can be used at home. It should be carried out a test several times. The first test for ovulation should be done three days before the alleged ovulation. As soon as the test issued a positive result, you can stop further samples. Doctors still recommend to make a control test immediately after the first positive result. A positive result on the test means that after 16 - 28 hours there will be ovulation, since the test responds to the peak of the separation of luteinizing hormone - one of the factors stimulating ovulation. This test may be false positive in disruption of the menstrual cycle, chronic stress, polycystic ovarian syndrome, when a woman has a constantly high level of luteinizing hormone. However, the test gives a weakly bedding diagnostic strip ( She is fuzzy

). This result cannot be considered a sign of an approaching ovulation. The false positive reaction can be with a clear diagnostic strip if there are pronounced hormonal disorders.

The ovulation test is carried out using special sets in which there is a necessary amount of express strips for testing for 5 days.

  • The ovulation test should be carried out according to the duration of the menstrual cycle ( Calendar calculation of medium cycle length
  • ). In the instruction to the ovulation test, the table, where it is indicated which one day, depending on the length of the cycle, should begin testing. For example, if the cycle length is 21 - 22 days, it is necessary to start using the test from 9 days of the cycle, if 23 - 24 days - from 7 days. With the duration of the cycle from 25 to 38 days, the day of the start of using the test is calculated as "plus one day", that is, with the duration of a cycle of 25 days, the day of measurement corresponds to 8 days, 26 days - 9 and so on. )There are the following two types of ovulation test: Test Strip - To use the test, you need to collect urine into some container and put a strip on 5 seconds there.

Test Midstreh (

  • jet - It has a handle with a cap. The cap is removed and substituted the edge with adsorbing ( absorbent calendar method;
  • ) Surface under the stream of urine. Ovulation test may issue the following results: positive - Two clear stripes ( Ovulation will be over the next 2 days From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

negative

- weak test ( Second ) striped bright color ( Ultrasound The level of LG did not increase

Follicleometry

  • Follicleometry is monitoring (
  • tracking

) for the process of increasing and breaking the follicle using ultrasound research (

). Folliculic meter is carried out using conventional sensors that are placed on the skin of the abdomen, and with the help of a transvaginal ultrasound when the sensor is entered through the vagina. You can see the follicles with the help of an ordinary ultrasound, if the cavity has already been formed, that is, when the dominant follicle or grappes have already been separated. In order to obtain the image of the smallest, growing follicles, a diameter of 2 - 3 mm on the screen of the ultrasound, a transvaginal ultrasound is needed. Folliculose allows you to identify the following signs of ovulation on an ultrasound: the disappearance of the previously detected dominant follicle who has reached the sizes necessary for ovulation;

The presence of a liquid in the cavity of a small pelvis behind the uterus.

Both of these features indicate the release of the egg from the follicle.

Folliculose is carried out several times during the cycle. At the first inspection, the woman should come immediately after the end of menstruation (

  • Somewhere on 4 - 5 day cycle ), the second time - by 8 - 10 days. Next, the gynecologist can inspect the ovaries every other day, since ovulation should occur in the next 3 - 6 days. Invasive methods for identifying signs of ovulation The most accurate ways to find out whether ovulation has accomplished, they are invasive methods, that is, methods that require the introduction of the uterus or abdominal cavity into the cavity.
  • Invasive methods for determining ovulation include: Endometrial biopsy - fence parts of the uterus mucous membrane ( Endometrial

) with the help of tools introduced into its cavity; Laparoscopy. - Introduction of the camera through a small puncture on the front wall of the abdomen and inspection of the ovary, on which the so-called "stigma" should be visible is the protrusion of the follicle ( like a acne ), which is about to break.

Definition and signs of ovulation

Invasive methods for detecting ovulation are not held routine (

All women

). That is, several reasons. First, these methods allow you to determine only the already occurred ovulation or ovulation in the "go" (

  • So, in this cycle, this information will no longer help pair to conceive a child.
  • ). Secondly, the presence of other readings to assign these methods, for example, the absence of pregnancy and suspicion of the pathology of the uterus or ovary. What are the signs of what happened and starting ovulation? calendar method;
  • Ovulation is not one day when the yield of the egg is happening, and a whole period for one menstrual cycle, which is a favorable day to conceive. Signs before and after ovulation allow you to approximately set the day of ovulation. Identifying signs of ovulation approximation allows a woman to schedule conception or, on the contrary, avoid sex contacts if she does not want to get pregnant. To ovulation, a woman has the following signs: calendar method;
  • feeling of humidity in the vagina, not associated with sex excitation;

selection similar to egg protein (

  • Transparent, dumping mucus
  • reducing basal temperature (
  • Measured in the rectum
  • Enhance sexual entry. After ovulation, a woman has the following phenomena: The feeling of moisture in the vagina disappears;
  • The secreted mucus becomes white or yellow, not stretched, has a thick consistency;

Weakens sexual attraction; The basal temperature increases ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

About 37.2ºC.

).; Painted pain at the bottom of the abdomen. After the appearance of signs of the ovulation occurred, the "non-functional" period begins during which the conception does not occur (

Symptoms of ovulation

The egg cell is already destroyed

  • How to find out if the conception occurred after ovulation? Some signs of ovulation and the first signs of pregnancy after ovulation are similar, for example, a woman can feel pain and tension in lactic glands, nausea, stripped urination, diarrhea, mood swings, pulling pain at the bottom of the abdomen and blood discharge from the vagina. But even before the expected month, it is possible to find out if they are associated with ovulation or conception. Conception ( Egg fertilization ) After ovulation is not the most important stage. In order for pregnancy to take place, a fertilized egg should be embedded in the uterus wall. This process is called implantation. Implantation takes place approximately 7-10 days after ovulation. If implantation occurred, then in the body of a woman there are signs of pregnancy. The first signs of conception after ovulation are: Change the graph of the basal temperature to the second phase of the cycle.
  • In the second phase of the cycle, that is, after ovulation, basal temperature ( The temperature of the internal environment of the body, which the woman measures the vagina or in the rectum ) Within a few days after ovulation, the woman rises to 37 - 37.2ºC. On 4-5 days after ovulation, if the conception did not happen, the woman, measuring the basal temperature, notes its decrease by 0.3 - 0.4ºС, that is, the "normalization" of the internal temperature is "normalization" to, approximately 36.6ºC. If the conception occurred, the basal temperature "holds". Saving high temperature is a consequence of the preservation of a yellow body ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

It is formed on the site of the burst follicle, from which the eggs came out during ovulation

). The yellow body is an endocrine organ and produces a hormone progesterone until the placenta is formed.

  • Implant bleeding. The implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus wall occurs due to the destruction of the surface layer of the uterus and the immersion of the future embryo in this layer. Destruction is accompanied by local rejection and bleeding, which a woman can observe the second phase of the cycle. The duration of such bleeding does not exceed 2 days. Blood discharges in the period of ovulation are observed closer to the middle of the cycle and are associated with partial rejection of the surface layer of the mucosa at the peak of the estrogen selection ( His peak happens before ovulation From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell
  • It is important to know that when conception for one day, basal temperature can fall sharply, as it happens if there was no conception. By registering the drop in basal temperature, a woman may think that conception has not happened, but when conception is a completely normal and physiological phenomenon, which is called implantation west. The causes of the implantation of basal temperature are: Termination of progesterone development in a yellow body. From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

The ovaries seems to be still "not in the know", which has occurred ovulation. As soon as implantation occurs, the yellow body begins to produce progesterone and the body temperature rises again (

Progesterone affects the center of thermoregulation

Developing a large amount of estrogen at conception. Ultrasound Estrogen affects the fission rate of the fertilized egg and supports it. The Estrogen effect on the basal temperature is due to the suppression of the effect of progesterone, that is, the body temperature under the influence of estrogen can not increase (

And even decreases

Conception and implantation can occur and not accompanied by any of the above signs. At the same time, the presence of these signs may not be accompanied by conception and implantation, so the most reliable sign of conception after ovulation remains a pregnancy test.

  • What signs of ovulation are the most reliable? The most reliable signs of ovulation are those that can be "see." Doctors call methods for identifying visible signs of visualization. The methods of visualization of signs of ovulation are ultrasound research (
  • ) ovarian and laparoscopy. The remaining signs of ovulation, such as changing the basal temperature, isolating mucus from the cervix, the sensation of moisture in the vagina, the enhancement of sexual waste and the loading of the mammary glands is not exact evidence of ovulation. They may be present, but ovulation may not be. This is due to the fact that symptoms of ovulation are caused by hormones, which just prepare the female genitals to the conception process. The ultrasound examination of the ovary involves tracking growth, ripening and rupture of the follicle, so this method is called folliculose.

Folliculose is performed in the following two ways: Normal ultrasound - the sensor is placed on the stomach in the ovarian area;

Transvaginal ultrasound

- Allows you to bring the sensor to the ovary as close as possible, while the sensor is entered into the vagina. The usual ultrasound allows you to see the mature follicle, in which you can distinguish the cavity and which should soon be broken. The process of breaking ultrasound does not show, but the doctor who spends the usual ultrasound after ovulation, will see that there is no longer there previously available on the ovary of the big follicle, the yellow body was formed in its place ( Temporary endocrine organ of the second phase of the menstrual cycle ), And the flowing blood and liquid that filling the follicle cavity is found in the space behind the uterus. The second method is much more informative than the first, as it allows you to see the smallest follicles even in the stage of their initial growth. In addition, the transvaginal ultrasound makes it possible to identify "ovulation in the go." The sign of the beginning of ovulation is the thinning of the wall of the follicle and its elongated form. These signs can be observed on the eve of ovulation.

Laparoscopy is a small surgical intervention, which allows you to enter a tool with a camera on the end of the abdomen through a puncture on the front wall of the abdomen (

Laparoscope ) And consider the ovary with the follicle. The symptom of the approaching ovulation is ovulatory stigma. Stigma is a protruding section of the follicle, where the gap will occur. Stigma is a temporary structure. There is an ovulatory stigma after the peak of the allocation of the luteinizing hormone ( It is produced in a hypophysies

). It is this hormone that is determined in the urine in the dough on ovulation. Luteenizing hormone contributes to activation of enzymes that destroy the wall of the follicle. Just like the test and signs of ultrasound, ovulatory stigma occurs in 24 - 48 hours before ovulation. (Can there be signs of ovulation without ovulation? )Signs of ovulation are not directly related to the process of the exit of the egg from the follicle (

  • this is ovulation
  • ) Therefore, their presence does not mean that ovulation occurred. Ovulation is a hormonal-dependent process. Any deviation and imbalance between hormones can disrupt the follicle break process, while the woman and the examination of its gynecologist can observe the characteristic signs of ovulation. Sometimes these signs are even more pronounced than in women who have reliably occurred ovulation.
  • Signs of ovulation
  • arise to ovulation
  • are:
  • feeling of humidity in the vagina;
  • excretion of the cervical mucus resembling egg protein; Tension of mucus up to 8 cm and more; From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

enhancing sex feeling; brewing of the mammary glands; normal body temperature; Symptom "Pupil" ( Transparent mucus in the extended outer hole of the cervix, is detected during gynecological examination

All of the above symptoms occur under the influence of hormone estrogen. It is produced in the first phase of the cycle. If this hormone is too much, then the state of hyperacudge will arise (

Hyper - Many

  • ), with all the above signs, as well as the signs detected in the gynecological examination ( Tension of mucus, symptom of "pupil" From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell ) There are sharply positive. At the same time, ovulation may not be accompanied by any signs. All these signs are easy to skip. In addition, they simply may not arise. There may be the following reasons for the absence of signs of ovulation with a leaked ovulation:
  • Improper measurement of basal temperature ( In the rectum
  • A woman can measure basal temperature for a long time ( Need to keep a thermometer in the rectum or in the vagina 5 - 7 minutes ), not in the same hours. If a woman slept less than 6 hours, then it can also affect the result. As a result, the graph of changing the basal temperature is distorted. Estrogen level fluctuations.
  • Estrogen level, which causes a feeling of humidity into the vagina and the selection of the cervical mucus, may fluctuate, so sometimes the woman has dryness in the vagina and the absence of highlights. This does not mean that ovulation and conception is impossible. The mucus only contributes to the preservation of spermatozoa vitality longer. Various receptor sensitivity (

nerve endings

) Milk glands to estrogen . The dairy iron is more sensitive to estrogen, the more milk ducts are expanding and the more she swells, which causes a woman with pain and chest tension. However, the loading of the mammary glands may not be at all if the sensitivity of the dairy glazing receptors to estrogens is low. Low sensitivity to pain. Painting pain at the bottom of the abdomen, which are considered a characteristic sign of ovulation, may also be absent if a woman has a low sensitivity of pain receptors. How to feel ovulation?

The ovulation itself, that is, the exit of the egg from the follicle (

the bag in which the egg ) It is impossible to feel. Symptoms of ovulation, which are observed in a woman during ovulation, are not connected with the process of the follicle rupture process, but with changes in the body under the influence of hormones. Ovulation is completed by the first phase of the menstrual cycle, during which the ripening of the follicle occurs. This phase highlights a female hormone estrogen, which causes symptoms of ovulation. A woman may feel signs that indicate an approaching ovulation. Such signs include the feeling of oily humidity at the entrance to the vagina, the release of the tight transparent mucus ( very similar to egg squirrel ), strengthening sexual entry, gravity in lactic glands. What are the signs of lack of ovulation? Ovulation may be absent if the ripe follicle does not break and continues to increase ( From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

The chest swells and becomes very sensitive.

such a follicle called persistent

) And if the follicle ceases to grow and talk (

  • This condition is called atresia follicle ). This often occurs when an eastrogen hormone is re-free, which is normal to "give way to a place" to another hormone, so that ovulation occurred. This hormone is called luteinizing hormone, and it is distinguished in the pituitary. calendar method;
  • Iron in the brain
  • To find out whether ovulation occurred, it is necessary to estimate the change in the main signs before and after ovulation. The change in the signs is due to the fact that the follicle allocates estrogen, which causes signs to ovulation, and after breaking on the place of the follicle, the so-called yellow body is formed, which distinguishes progesterone, causing completely other signs. Therefore, if there is no ovulation, the menstrual cycle does not switch to the second phase, and the characteristic changes of the signs are not observed.
  • Signs of lack of ovulation are:
  • Preserving normal body temperature 14 days after menstruation (

Normally, the temperature after ovulation should increase

Menstruation delay and abundant bleeding; Low level of luteinizing hormone with a ovulation test; well visible follicle of large sizes on the ultrasound examination of the ovaries; ) and enzymes. The growth of the follicle is characterized by the accumulation of follicular fluid with the formation of cavity and the growth of granular cells and the cell cells. The largest of the greeted follicles becomes the main contender for ovulation. It is called a grapham bubble or dominant follicle. It is 100 times more primary follicle. The remaining follicles cease to grow and are exposed to reverse development. The absence of a liquid-spilled follicle behind the uterus according to the ultrasound.

What is "double ovulation", and what signs does it cause?

  • Double ovulation is ripening and breaking more than one follicle for one menstrual cycle. This phenomenon still remains a controversial issue. Many experts believe that only one follicle can mature for one cycle. Double ovulation is still possible, but is a rare phenomenon. The chance to observe re-ovulation have women who have a menstrual cycle lasts 33 - 34 days. It is logical to assume that if for ripening the follicle is enough 13-14 days, then with such a loop of the cycle, the so-called "second wave" of hormonal changes that stimulate ripening and ovulation may occur. Usually, after ovulation, the hormone progesterone will allocate, which by the feedback mechanism ( Communication between ovary and pituitary
  • ) suppresses the release of the follicularity of the hormone ( ). It is this hormone that is responsible for the growth and ripening of follicles.

Double ovulation may occur: at one moment if both ripe follicle break almost simultaneously;

after a certain time

If there were several hours or days between the ovulation of two follicles.

  • If the double ovulation was simultaneous, and conceived, it develops one pregnancy with multilayer twins ( can be different sex and very similar externally calendar method;
  • ). If the second ovulation occurs a few days later, then with the fertilization of both eggs, this will be considered a re-pregnancy. Such a case is described in medicine, and the woman has started from different partners.
  • If the conception does not occur, then after one-time double ovulation, the following menstruations occur during normal time. With the second ovulation within seven days, it should be expected to be menstruation with the day of the second ovulation, that is, later on 2 to 7 days.
  • Double ovulation causes can be:

ovulation stimulation (

Introduction of hormones before an extracorporeal or artificial fertilization procedure stress; irregular sexual life that can disrupt the balance of hormones; Hereditary predisposition. Most often, double ovulation occurs when the gynecologist-reproductist is stimulated by the ovulation by drugs. From the high concentration of hormones in the ovaries can mature more than one follicle.

Calculate the second ovulation in the same way. It is characteristic that after decreasing the amount of ovulatory transparent mucus (

"Credit" allocations ) Woman observes a change in highlights, they become muddy yellow, thick ( This is "fruitless" allocations ). Such discharges are not more than 3 days, after which the abundant allocations of transparent water mucus are re-determined. These are signs of double ovulation. In addition, there is also a re-decrease and rise of body temperature before ovulation. Double ovulation is also determined during the ultrasound examination of the ovaries. White selection is a sign of ovulation? White discharge is a sign of an impending or ovulation. White discharge in the first phase of the cycle ( on 7 - 9 day after menstruation ) indicate partial fertility ( fertility ), that is, to conceive a child during this period is possible in 25 - 30% of cases. During the period of ovulation, the woman observes the release of transparent color, they are abundant, watery, easily stand out ( Maximum prolific days

List of references

). The mucus can be stretched between two fingers. After ovulation, the selection appears color and consistency changes. They become white, curly or creamy. White or yellow highlights begin to appear when the hormone of the first phase of the menstrual cycle (

to ovulation ) Estrogen becomes little, and progesterone ( Hormone second phase

) Allocated more. This leads to a change in the function of the groom of the vagina, they begin to allocate their "ordinary products".

Is blood discharge normally during ovulation? During ovulation, a woman can observe an admixture of pink or brown inside the colorless mucus, which is highlighted during the ovulation period. These impurities are associated with partial rejection of the surface layer of the uterine mucous membrane. Return is due to the peak of the estrogen hormone before ovulation. Its impact on the mucous membrane of the uterus can lead to a violation of the blood supply to the surface layers, their oxygen fasting and rejection. This often happens at a high level of estrogen. Yet a small amount of blood discharge during ovulation is considered a normal phenomenon, although it means that difficulties with implantation are possible ( Implementation ) Fertilized egg to the mucous membrane of the uterus. Pulls the lower abdomen after ovulation - is it a sign of pregnancy or ovulation? Pulling non-intensive ( Tespisy ) Pain in the lower abdomen ( Sometimes more pronounced on the right or left ) Not always are a sign of pregnancy. They can be one of the signs of ovulation. Such pains appear in the middle of the cycle, that is, during the period of ovulation. Pain after ovulation bind not with a gap of the follicle ( Bubble with egg cell

), and with the hit of follicular fluid and blood from the destroyed blood vessels of the follicle in the abdominal cavity. The liquid causes irritation of the nervous end of the shell, which covers the abdominal cavity (

peritoneum ) And causes a feeling of pain. If ovulation occurred in the left ovary, then pulling and buty pains are very often taken for inflammation of the appendage of the blind intestine ( appendicitis ). In this case, the experienced surgeon will clarify the phase of the menstrual cycle and will be able to understand that the pain is caused by ovulation. From the Latin word "Ovulum" - egg cell

Pains that celebrate some women when conceived, occur 7-10 days after the end of ovulation. They are accompanied by bloody secretions. Such phenomena lasts usually 1 - 2 days. The pain and blood are due to the fact that for the introduction into the wall of the uterus, the embryo is locally destroying the surface layer, making a path and forming a niche for accommodation. Both features are a normal phenomenon.

If the pain lasts longer and becomes more intense (

Pains hinder a woman who disrupt its performance

), then perhaps the embryo was not introduced into the wall of the uterus, but in the wall of the uterine pipe, and the woman develops an ectopic pregnancy (

This is a dangerous state that requires surgical intervention.

The first signs of ovulation

The first signs of ovulation are short-term pain at the bottom of the abdomen. The first signs of ovulation include an increase in mucous membranes and lowering the basal temperature on the day of ovulation, and its increase the next day. In the blood plasma, the content of progesterone increases sharply.

  • With a violation of ovulation, the first signs of ovulation will not let yourself know. This may be caused by inflammation of the genital organs, systemic diseases, tumors or stressful situations. In this case, in the feminine body there is dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian system.
  • If the first signs of ovulation do not allow themselves to be felt in childbearing, adulthood, then the female organism has encountered annovation, which comes together with the menstrual cycle failure and dysfunctional uterine bleeding. In addition, the lack of the first signs of ovulation may indicate the infertility of a woman. But there are methods that will help determine the cause of the absence of ovulation and return it. But first of all, you need to refer to the gynecologist.
  • Signs of beginning ovulation
  • Signs of starting ovulation help a woman better understand their body and pick up the ideal time for sexual intercourse, which will contribute to the offensive of the long-awaited conception and pregnancy.

Signs of starting ovulation:

Allocations - changes in cervical mucus occur, its consistency and the number of sections are changing. Such changes indicate an elevated estrogen level. When the mucus becomes like a crude eggs, this is the first sign of the start of ovulation and the woman's readiness to conceive.

  • Basal temperature - Before the offensive of ovulation, the woman rises basal temperature. This can be determined using a thermometer in the morning before you put out the bed. The sharp temperature jump up says that the egg cell is already matured and ready for fertilization. A couple of days, which holds a high level of basal temperature - the perfect time to conceive. To better orient the signs of ovulation, the basal temperature measurements can be made a schedule that will clearly show the approaching ovulation and time for conception / protection.
  • Wellness - another sign of ovulation is the pain at the bottom of the abdomen. Some women have pain lasting a couple of minutes, others have several days, and thirdly the whole period before the start of menstruation and resemble spasms. By the way, the pain at the bottom of the belly are not found in all women, so if you did not have pain and suddenly appeared unexpectedly, please consult a gynecologist, as this may indicate a pathology or some disease.
  • Hormones - before starting ovulation, significant hormonal changes occur in the feminine. The production of luteinizing hormone increases. It is possible to determine the beginning of ovulation using special tests that are sold in pharmacies. Tests operate on the above hormone, or rather its interaction with the reagent.
  • Signs of approaching ovulation
  • Signs of approaching ovulation make it possible to understand that the body is ready for the conception of the child. Let's consider the reliable signs of the approaching ovulation, which are found practically in all healthy women.
  • Breast swelling.
  • High energy.
  • Headaches.
  • Emotionality and irritability.

Elevated sexual attraction.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveEveny.

Change selection.

The exacerbation of vision, taste and smell.

  • Bloody issues.
  • All these are signs of ovulation. But do not forget that the signs of the approaching ovulation are completely dependent on your lifestyle. Try not to be nervous, to eat healthy food, regularly lead sex life and an active lifestyle. Then signs of ovulation will not flow so painfully.
  • [2], [3]
  • Symptoms before ovulation
  • Signs before ovulation helps a woman to plan a pregnancy or vice versa to pay attention to the methods of contraception and verify their calendar ovulation. Let us consider the main signs before ovulation.
  • The pain at the bottom of the abdomen - pain arises on the one hand, on the other side where the ovary is preparing for ovulation. As for the duration of pain, it can be from a few minutes to 3-4 days.

The swelling and sensitivity of the breast is the most faithful sign that suggests that there will be no ovulation in the near future. The chest becomes very sensitive and swells due to changes in the level of hormones in the body, which is preparing for the conception of the child.

Allocations are changed from the vagina, they become abundant and watery.

The basal temperature rises due to the hormone of progesterone.

Intensifying sexual attraction. This is the signal of the body that the woman is healthy and ready for the conception of the child.

  • Signs of approaching ovulation make it possible to understand that the body is ready for the conception of the child. Let's consider the reliable signs of the approaching ovulation, which are found practically in all healthy women.
  • Basal temperature - Before the offensive of ovulation, the woman rises basal temperature. This can be determined using a thermometer in the morning before you put out the bed. The sharp temperature jump up says that the egg cell is already matured and ready for fertilization. A couple of days, which holds a high level of basal temperature - the perfect time to conceive. To better orient the signs of ovulation, the basal temperature measurements can be made a schedule that will clearly show the approaching ovulation and time for conception / protection.
  • The cervix becomes soft, rises and is revealed slightly. It is necessary so that the conception is successful.
  • Also, signs of taste and sense of ovulation include exacerbation. This is due to improving the level of hormone progesterone and changes in the hormonal background in the female body. Sometimes, there may be a slight bloating and meteorism before ovulation, but besides the approaching ovulation, this indicates incorrect nutrition and the lifestyle of a woman.
  • External signs of ovulation

During the period of ovulation, not only the condition of the body of a woman is changing, but also its appearance, that is, there are external signs of ovulation. Each woman should listen to themselves and its body, in order to focus on signs and signals that the body serves.

Allocate the following external signs of ovulation:

Pain in the abdomen.

  • Changing mucous secretions.
  • Increased fatigue, sharp mood swings, tearfulness.
  • Pay special attention to the vaginal mucus, it resembles an egg protein, becomes more viscous, and significantly increases during the discharge.
  • Signs of the offensive of ovulation
  • Signs of the offensive of ovulation for each woman are manifested in different ways, but they all indicate that a woman has a healthy organism, which is ready to continue the genus. Let's look at the signs of the offensive of ovulation, which are found in every woman.

Changes in basal temperature - check the basal temperature every morning, before you got up from bed, during the cycles pair. Using the results obtained build a schedule. Using the graph, you can determine the offensive ovulation. So, the increase means that ovulation has come, and the fall - ovulation is over. The changes in the basal temperature are associated with changes in the level of progesterone hormone. It is this hormone that is responsible for the restructuring of mucous drugs and for the implantation of a fertilized egg to the uterus.

Isolation is the most faithful sign of the offensive of ovulation. Abundant allocations begin a couple of days before the exit of the egg, they look like egg whites. Changes in the discharge are necessary not only to determine the beginning of ovulation, but also to increase the life cycle of spermatozoa.

Changing the cervix - signs of the offensive of ovulation begin with changes in the cervix. It rises and opens a little, and to the touch becomes soft. After ovulation and the exit of the eggs from the follicle, the uterus closes and lowers.

  • Pulling pain - pain appear in the chest area, at the bottom of the abdomen and in the lower back. Pass immediately after the end of ovulation. Some women have pain so strong that without an anesthetic and beddown, survive the period of ovulation is very difficult.
  • Ultrasound examination - allows you to accurately determine the beginning of ovulation and its ending.
  • Ovulation and selection
  • Signs of ovulation are easy to determine the selections. For this, a woman should know the features of the first and second phase of the menstrual cycle. Signs of ovulation on the discharge depend on the moment of the cycle. Signs of ovulation and isolation can give to understand, a woman is pregnant or not, ovulation ended or this is the beginning, the main thing is to carefully observe the condition of its own body.

After menstruation, there is practically no selection, but there is plenty of allocations closer to the middle of the cycle, first they are liquid, and then become cream-like and sticky. All this is directly related to the level of hormones in the female organism and the slow opening of the cervix.

On the day of the ovulation of the selection is a hard, adhesive mucus, sometimes with lumps. Such a consistency of the mucus is provided by the body so that the spermatozoa can be as soon as possible to get to the egg.

Sometimes mucus happens with pink veins, white, yellow or brown. Such a selection color indicates the end of ovulation.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveSome women have and bleeding, which are accompanied by pain at the bottom of the abdomen, as a rule, from the other side where the ovary is located in which ovulation is.

There are cases when ovulation passes without selection. The reasons may be in stress and nervous condition, which the woman suffered or in one of the phases of ovulation, which gave failure.

Ovulation and blood discharge

In some women, blood discharge appear during ovulation. As a rule, their little and they have brown or yellow-brown. Many this scares and causes panic attacks, and the thoughts that signs of ovulation and blood discharge are associated with implantation bleeding. But this is far from that. Between ovulation and the period of implantation takes place for about a week, so it is not worth binding blood discharge and bleeding due to implantation.

The cause of blood discharge during ovulation is a gap of the follicle, which will soon give ripe eggs. With the arrival of menstruation, the ovaries give ripe eggs, which are in peculiar follicular capsules. After some time, one of all follicles remain, in which the ripened egg is located. It is because of the follicle rupture in the ovary and blood selections appear. There are similar discharges within two days, no more.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensive[four]

Ovulation and mucus

Before ovulation, the female organism produces a cervical mucus, which acts as a natural means for effective conception. The mucus creates an ideal medium for spermatozoa. A healthy female sperm will live about 72 hours. If there are no signs of ovulation and mucus, then sperm life will be reduced to a pair of hours.

Due to the mucus, a peculiar medium for spermatozoa is formed into the vagina, which allows them to move much faster in the vagina, which means that they will be able to fertilize the egg to the egg. As for the number of mucus, everyone is different. The closer ovulation, the more mucus, but a couple of days before the start of ovulation, the amount of mucus decreases, and after the end of ovulation, the mucus disappears.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensivePlease note that even a small amount of mucus is a sign of the fertile phase. At first, the release is similar to muddy mucus, and with the approach of ovulation becomes slippery, drig, transparent, sticky. And after ovulation, the mucus becomes thick and muddy and disappears. After that, in the female body begins the drying of the mucus and the neferilic period.

[five]

If chest hurts when ovulation?

All women have the same sign of ovulation - this is pain in the chest. The chest swells, becomes very sensitive, and hurts with the slightest touch. Such signs of ovulation are observed on the 15th day of the 28th day cycle of menstruation. Signs of ovulation - chest hurts, maybe after menstruation.

  • Paints in the mammary glands are cyclically changed due to the influence of female hormones - progesterone and estrogen. Because of the growth of estrogen in female blood, the chest begins to hurt, as a rule, pain shows that after a couple of days, menstruation will begin. Many women, precisely on the sign of ovulation pain in the chest determine the most favorable period for conceiving a child. Gynecologists call the sign of ovulation pain in the chest - premenstrual syndrome or PMS. The appearance of pain for a couple of days (from 2-3 to two weeks) before the start of menstruation, suggests that there was ovulation in the female organism.
  • [6], [7]
  • Signs of ovulation on ultrasound

Signs of ovulation on ultrasound allow you to accurately determine the ovulation phase. Using the ultrasound, you can make a personal schedule and an ovulation calendar, as well as learn about the approach or end of ovulation.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveAllocate the following signs of ovulation on the ultrasound:

The growth of the follicle with the egg, the extension of the cervix.

Visualization of grown follicle to ovulatory sizes.

Observation of the yellow body, which is located on the site of the follicular fluid and follicle. The presence of fluid indicates that the follicle successfully released an egg and ovulation began.

Also, signs of ovulation on ultrasound can be found with the help of the hormone of progesterone. Progesterone is checked into the second phase of the cycle, that is, a week after ovulation or a week before the start of menstruation. If progesterone is normal, and better above the norm, then the ovulation of 100% was, if below the norm, then there was no ovulation. But there are exceptions, it happens when the follicle does not burst due to a very thick membrane of the ovary and the egg does not fall out. On ultrasound, this will be determined due to the free fluid in the peritoneum.

  • [8], [9]
  • Ovulation period
  • The period of ovulation is the day in the cycle when the conception will be most effective and will lead to pregnancy. That is why all women who try to get pregnant carefully calculate this date. Or, on the contrary, they are maximally protected on this day, since the likelihood of pregnancy is high. Ovulation and period of ovulation are bright signs of whether the female body works correctly and is ready to give another life. Let's look at how to calculate the period of ovulation, signs and basic symptoms.
  • Calendar method. The method used by women using calendar and regularly marking the offensive and ending the menstrual cycle. This allows you to calculate the duration of the menstrual cycle. In order to accurately find out the period of ovulation, it is necessary to regularly regularly conduct a calendar of the offensive and ending menstruation, and then carry out small computing. For example, your average cycle is 28 days, then the perfect day for the onset of ovulation is 15-16. But do not forget that the egg is ripening not every month, there are months in which ovulation is generally absent. There are other methods that allow faster and more reliable to learn about the approaching ovulation.
  • Ovulation period, signs:

Basic methods for determining ovulation

Increased basal temperature indicates an approaching ovulation.

  • Swelling breasts, the chest becomes very sensitive.
  • Changing mucous secretions.
  • Hypersensitivity, irritability, increased emotionality.
  • Elevated libido, severe sexual attraction.
  • You can define ovulation by several methods. It is necessary to determine ovulation to be able to be able to every woman who behaves sex and wants to get pregnant. But how to determine ovulation to protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy or vice versa to do everything so that conception led to pregnancy?
  • Determination of ovulation by measuring basal temperature. In the first half of the cycle, thanks to estrogen, the testimony on the thermometer will be low about 36-36.5 degrees. But before ovulation, the temperature will increase to 37 degrees due to the high concentration of progesterone hormone.

To determine ovulation, you can make a special test and closely monitor vaginal secretions. Before ovulation, they become abundant, transparent, sticky.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveCalendar method - as well as measuring basal temperature, requires time and observation. By the calendar you can learn about the cycle approaching and ovulation.

Tests - exist tests not only to determine pregnancy, but also to determine ovulation. In terms of cost, they are equal to pregnancy tests, but their popularity will be outed soon. Diagnostics on the test for ovulation, as in test for pregnancy occurs using urine. Two strips on the test - period of ovulation. The test works due to the luteinizing hormone, which foreshadows the period of ovulation.

Ultrasound examination is used in cases where ovulation does not occur for a long time, there was a failure in the body, which led to a complete change in the cycle. During the procedure, the doctor monitors the period of development of the follicle. If the follicle did not burst and did not release a mature egg, then a small amount of fluid is observed in the abdominal cavity.

Feelings - it is possible to determine ovulation on their own feelings. So, the brightest sign of ovulation is pain at the bottom of the abdomen. The pain can last from the pair of minutes to several days, it completely depends on the body of a woman.

The period of ovulation is the perfect time to conceive a child.

  • Basal temperature - Before the offensive of ovulation, the woman rises basal temperature. This can be determined using a thermometer in the morning before you put out the bed. The sharp temperature jump up says that the egg cell is already matured and ready for fertilization. A couple of days, which holds a high level of basal temperature - the perfect time to conceive. To better orient the signs of ovulation, the basal temperature measurements can be made a schedule that will clearly show the approaching ovulation and time for conception / protection.
  • High energy.
  • [10], [11]

Signs of double ovulation

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveThere are cases when a woman has two ovulation for one cycle. Ovulation can pass as in one ovarian with a break in a few days or in two ovaries at the same time. Such a phenomenon occurs after induction and stimulation of ovulation, but sometimes in conventional cycles.

Scientists argue that in the world of all a couple of cases when a double pregnancy with a difference in a few days occurred due to double ovulation, but not more than 10. But many gynecologists say that double ovulation meets much more often and the woman does not always know about it.

The following signs of double ovulation are distinguished:

  • The pain at the bottom of the abdomen (first on the one hand, then on the other or on the one hand with a short-term period).
  • Please note that ovulation is far from always occurring alternately in the ovaries. No ovulation systematization. In the female body, one ovary acts as the main and ovulable, this can be observed over several cycles. But such a picture does not mean that the second ovary is ill and requires immediate medical care. The hormone pattern is responsible for the order of ovulation in the ovaries and no one can affect it. Therefore, you should not be surprised if you will notice strengthened or repeated signs of ovulation for one cycle.
  • [12], [13]
  • Signs of late ovulation
  • Signs of late ovulation scare women, as many think that if ovulation came later than usual, then the body has disorders or a disease. But is it? Let's look at the causes and signs of late ovulation.
  • Overwork, stress - if a woman plans to conceive a child, then it is strictly forbidden to be nervous. It is also not recommended to change climatic conditions and frequent flights from one time zone to another. Try not to be overworked both in the physical plane and in moral. Since overwork, this is the most common sign of late ovulation.

Infectious diseases - if in the female body there is an infection that concerns the reproductive system, then late ovulation is inevitable. In addition, due to infection, the menstrual cycle is disturbed and there may be a delay, which for many women serves as a reason to think that a pregnancy has come.

Hormonal imbalance - imbalance of pituitary hormones - another sign of late ovulation. In order to find out the status of ovulation, in the first phase of the cycle, it is recommended to measure the level of hormones.

The preclimacterial period - late ovulation is observed in women who are forty and more.

Gynecological diseases - infections, cysts, amenorrhea.

2-3 months after abortion and 1 year after childbirth - during this period the woman will have late ovulation.

  • It is possible to determine the late ovulation using a dough on ovulation, carrying out full diagnostics and ultrasound study of the exit of the egg from the follicle, the tests for the level of hormones of the pituitary gland. Please note that research on the cause of late ovulation is best in the period of the desired child's conception.
  • To speed up the process of ovulation, it is recommended to refer to the gynecologist, pass the necessary analyzes and surveys. After that, the doctor prescribes the treatment of late ovulation or stimulates the offensive of ovulation in its absence. This is the easiest and effective solution to the problem of late ovulation. Do not self-medication, as this may cause the future kid and moms.
  • In the treatment of problems with ovulation, it is necessary to conduct a healthy lifestyle, less nervous, eat healthy food, lead an active lifestyle. Regularly lead sex with a regular partner, not protected.
  • Signs of conception
  • Signs of conception among each woman are manifested in different ways. So, some women begin to understand what they got pregnant in a week, others in a month, and some in general only after the campaign to the gynecologist and the passage of the test. Let's consider the main signs of conception.
  • Signs of conception in the first days is bleeding. After conception, somewhere in the first second week in the body there is an embryo implantation process. In many women, this period is accompanied by bleeding and spasms.
  • The menstrual cycle is broken, in other words, a woman has a delay. This is the most common sign of conception. During pregnancy, menstrual cycle is terminated, but some women can appear small blood discharge.
  • Sensitive chest. A couple of days after conception, the chest swells and becomes sussuctive. This is the sign of conception that is not possible not to notice, since even a slight touch to the breast causes discomfort.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveNausea - also refers to signs of conception and comes from 3-9 weeks after conception.

Apathy and fast fatigue. Due to the fact that the body is rebuilt to maintain the life of the mother and the child, the future mother can feel the ailment from the first days of conception.

Headache - appears in the first days of conception and arises due to changes in the hormonal background of the female organism.

  • Frequent urge to the toilet. Frequent urination manifests itself on the 6-7 week of conception.
  • Appetite growth - after conception, the woman begins to feel constant attacks of hunger. As for products for thickening such an appetite, it is not necessarily salty cucumbers. By the way, this sign can be preserved for the entire period of pregnancy.
  • [14]
  • Signs of conception after ovulation
  • During the period of ovulation, a woman has several days to get pregnant. That is, in the fertile phase of ovulation, successful conception is most likely. Signs of conception after ovulation look like this:
  • No menstrual cycle.
  • Increased basal temperature.
  • Strengthening appetite and changing taste addictions.
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, nausea.

Swelling and sensitivity of the chest.

Strong smell.

Irritability.

  • Apathy and fatigue.
  • Changes in vaginal discharge.
  • Please note that the life expectancy of spermatozoa has a healthy woman from 3 to 7 days, but if there are violations in the female body, especially if they relate to vaginal discharge, the probability of conceiving a child is reduced to a couple of hours.
  • If a woman has disorders in the process of ripening the follicle, which is responsible for the egg, then it is necessary to stimulate ovulation. For these purposes, you need to undergo inspection and advice from a gynecologist's doctor, which will prescribe medicines for the restoration of ovulation and the possibility of conception.
  • Symptoms after ovulation

Symptoms after ovulation are very difficult to track, but it is best to do this with a dough on ovulation or ovulation calendar.

The first sign after ovulation is the allocation, they are either completely absent or become cream-like, sticky.

Also after ovulation, the basal temperature does not fall and is in an increased state. This is also observed in the case of pregnancy, when the egg fertilization is fertilized.

  • After ovulation, the pain and swelling of the mammary glands goes, the pain at the bottom of the abdomen also stops.
  • Another sign after ovulation is the disappearance of hormonal rash. As a rule, small hormonal pimples appear before ovulation on the face, especially on the forehead.
  • All signs after ovulation depend on how the ovulation process itself passed and, of course, from the individual characteristics of the female organism.
  • Signs of pregnancy after ovulation
  • All women have a couple of days before the start of ovulation and after ovulation, which are called the fertile phase. These days are the most favorable moment for conception and pregnancy. Let's look at the main signs of pregnancy after ovulation.
  • High basal temperature.
  • Menstruation delay.
  • Swelling and change of breast shape, darkening of nipples.
  • Increased fatigue, morning indisposition, sharp caustic mood differences.
  • Changing the color of the vagina.
  • Frequent urge to the toilet and an increase in mucous selection.
  • Blood selection, gases and constipation.

Spasms at the bottom of the abdomen may be on the one hand.

Exacerby smell.

  • Angry rash and acne appearance.
  • Light cold and laid nose.
  • Changes in taste and elevated appetite.
  • Signs of fertilization after ovulation
  • Signs of fertilization after ovulation appear no earlier than a couple of weeks after sexual intercourse. Let's consider signs of sexual fertilization after ovulation.

Implantation bleeding, which is caused by attaching the embryo to the uterine cavity. Bleeding is observed within one day or several hours.

The chest swells and becomes very sensitive.

Menstruation does not occur, that is, there is a delay.

  • There may be a feeling of nausea, apathy, headache, rapid fatigue.
  • There is a frequent urination and an uncontrollable appetite.
  • All these signs are conditional and they can be caused by other reasons, for example, cold, infectious or inflammatory diseases. Determine fertilization and pregnancy is better after menstruation has not come, that is, after the delay. About five weeks after sexual intercourse, at the time of which conception and pregnancy could occur.
  • Signs of lack of ovulation
  • Signs of the lack of ovulation appear in every healthy woman. As a rule, in women under 30 years per year about 2-3 cycles with a complete absence of ovulation. The absence of ovulation is a symptom of gynecological or endocrine disorders that can lead to infertility. Let's consider the most common signs of the lack of ovulation.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Premenophaus.
  • Termination of reception of hormonal drugs.

Various diseases.

Climate change.

Stressed workouts.

Stressful situations.

Loss or weight gain.

There are many signs and reasons that suggest that no ovulation. Many signs of lack of ovulation depend on the period of life of a woman, for example, teenage, menopause or breastfeeding and pregnancy. Other signs are associated with the reception of hormonal and drugs. Third with diseases, sports and many others. To find out exactly what the body is talking about, feeding certain signs of the lack of ovulation, be sure to consult a gynecologist or go through an ultrasound study.

Signs of cycle without ovulation

Signs of the cycle without ovulation or an inhibular cycle are menstruation without the development of a yellow body, but with bleeding. This is due to the fact that the mucous membrane of the uterus is growing, and the secretory phase that occurs under the influence of the yellow body after ovulation is missing.

  • Such a phenomenon is also found in healthy women, especially in the teenage period, when the menstrual cycle is being installed. Signs of the cycle without ovulation can be in nursing mothers and during the occurrence of Klimaks, that is, menopause. The reason for the cycle without ovulation in insufficient ovarian stimulation hormones of the hypothalamus and high level of the pituitary hormone.
  • The main signs of the cycle without ovulation - breast swelling, emotional differences, raising basal temperature, changing vaginal discharges. Please note that the cycle without ovulation is accompanied by a latency of menstruation from a couple of days, up to several months, and after this period, long and painful menstruation comes with abundant bleeding. Strong bleeding can lead to anemia. Signs of the cycle without ovulation are most often observed in women in childbearing, which have hormonal infertility due to the lack of ovulation.
  • Signs of ovulation occurred
  • Signs of ovulation occurred indicate that the female organism is ready for fertilization or in the near future menstruation will begin. The start and end time of ovulation is of great importance for women who want to get pregnant or on the contrary are protected naturally.

The main signs of the ovulation that happened:

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveChange the selection, that is, cervical mucus.

Pain in the ovaries.

Increase the basal temperature and body temperature as a whole.

Changes in the level of hormones (this feature is displayed on the face, the form of hormonal rash on the face).

  • Vomiting, diarrhea, nausea.
  • To accurately understand the signals that the body serves, and know the signs of the ovulation that occurred, you can buy a test for ovulation or conduct a special schedule, which will help track the beginning and end of ovulation and follow the features of the cycle.
  • [15]
  • Signs that ovulation has passed
  • Signs that ovulation has passed, as important as signs of starting ovulation. The period of ovulation is always accompanied by certain symptoms that can be understood and examined only after observing its own organism.

Ovulation: symptoms and timing of the offensiveSigns that ovulation passed:

Racanal temperatures, but usually after ovulation passed, the basal temperature decreases.

Pains are stopped at the bottom of the abdomen, from one of the ovaries, where ovulation occurred.

  • Reducing sexual activity and sexual entry.
  • Small swelling of the mammary glands.
  • [16]
  • Signs of the end of ovulation
  • Signs of the end of ovulation indicate that if the conception has not occurred, then in the near future the woman will begin menstruation. Let's consider the main signs of the end of ovulation.
  • If pregnancy has not come, then menstrual isolation begin.

During the end of ovulation, the level of basal temperature decreases.

Normalizes hormonal background, estrogen and progesterone decreased to the usual level.

The swelling and sketchiness of the chest is out.

  • Still may continue pain at the bottom of the abdomen.
  • Irritability and emotional differences.
  • Carefully follow your body to understand when ovulation occurs and when it ends. Make an ovulation calendar or buy a test to determine the periods of ovulation. In extreme cases, you can always seek advice to the gynecologist and comes with an ultrasound study to determine the ovulation cycle.
  • Signs of owned ovulation

The signs of the existing ovulation are very important, as they testify to the healthy reproductive function of the female organism. In addition, ovulation is a signal of the body that it is ready for conception and pregnancy. Let's look at the signs of the wrong ovulation.

A woman has a change in vaginal discharge, they become transparent, sticky and drums. Such a consistency of the discharge suggests that the woman is ready for fertilization and due to mucus, spermatozoa will be able to quickly get to the mature egg.

Express test for ovulation

Basal temperature - Before starting ovulation, the level of basal temperature rises, and if ovulation took place, the basal temperature drops to the usual level of 36.4 degrees.

In the period of ovulation, one of the ovaries hurts, that is, pulling pains in the bottom of the abdomen appear. As soon as ovulation took place, the pain is stopped, or becomes not so strong.

The signs of the existing ovulation include poor health of women, fast fatigue, apathy, irritability, increased emotionality, syradiability, tearfulness.

To confirm the accuracy of the signs of the existing ovulation, it is recommended to undergo an ultrasound study. Ultrasound will show visually, ovulation took place or not.

Signs of ovulation are the signals of the body that the woman is healthy and ready to continue the genus. In addition, ovulation helps a woman to keep her beauty. Since ovulation is responsible for the menstrual cycle. With the slightest problems with the determination of the ovulation period or the features of the menstrual cycle, contact your gynecologist for help and go through an ultrasound study. To determine the phase of the menstrual cycle in medicine there are many ways. A woman can hand over blood to hormones, if she will do it in a dynamics, then the doctor will be able to inform much accuracy when she expect ovulation. You can make ovarian ultrasound, which will show the railing of the follicle. But these methods require repeated visits to a medical institution and are used mainly in preparation for Eco, with stimulation of ovulation by hormonal drugs. .

The rest of the women may well determine ovulation on their own at home. How to do this, tells this article.

General

The ability to identify the day of ovulation and the fertile window (days when conception is likely) allows a woman independently, consciously decide on contraception, as well as plan a pregnancy. The fact is that a woman has no natural opportunity to get pregnant on any day of the cycle. This is possible only if there is a mature and full-fledged sex cell, with which a men's cell is somewhat - spermatozoa. Spermatozoa for one ejaculation man produces up to 40 million, and the egg maker matures in the singular and only once a month. She lives for a short time - from 24 to 36 hours, and then, if the conceptions did not happen, dies, and after two weeks the cycle begins again. That is why It is important to be able to determine the necessary day with maximum accuracy

In the ovaries of the newborn girl there are already a stock of follicles, it will not be replenished, new follicles with immature eggs inside are not formed during the life of a woman, it is one that is called the reserve, which is called ovarian. When the girl reaches the period of puberty, its body begins to work cyclically: each month is breaking one follicle (rarely - two).

Follicles grow on the surface of the ovaries after the end of the next menstruation. This happens under the action of hormone FSH. Among the few growing bubbles, the leader is gradually determined - the dominant follicle, the rest cease development to the following cycles. In the dominant follicle in the liquid medium, the egg seal. By the middle of the cycle under the action of estrogen and luteinizing hormone, the follicle shell is broken and frees the female sex cell, which for the next day becomes accessible to male genital cells.

Spermatozoa can arrive on the day of ovulation during these days, and they can wait for the outlet of the oocyte already in the sex paths, this happens if the sexual act was carried out a few days before ovulation. The beginning of the fertility period is the duration of spermatozoa life.

On average, favorable for conception days begin 3-4 days before ovulation and end 2-3 days after it

. But fertilization always occurs only during the period of ovulation and still lives an egg, that is, no later than 1-1.5 days after the exit of the egg from the follicle.

In healthy women in reproductive age, ovulation occurs almost every month. A permissible several annovulatory cycles per year (at the age of 20-30 years, usually 1-2 cycles without ovulation is the norm). With age, the number of such cycles without ovulation is growing, because the production of sex hormones is reduced, and already in 35 and older, a woman can live up to 5-6 cycles in a year without actual ovulation. Therefore, with age it becomes more difficult to get pregnant.

It is impossible to predict the anoint cycle, but you can determine on your own, it happened in the current month of ovulation or it was not.

Learn to define yourself Determine ovulation at home is not difficult, but it will require some responsibility and obligatory. Methods are different and will be better if used in the complex so that the data of one method is confirmed by the other data. Then the results can be obtained more accurate. Consider the main methods and their effectiveness.

The calendar This is the most common method called calendar. It is based on medium-term medical data on the time of ovulation. The entire cycle is divided into two halves - phases. The first is called follicular, during this period the follicle is growing and the egg cell is growing. The second is the lutein phase, when the body under the action of progesterone proceeds to the preparation for having a baby. If the conception was not, in the last days of the cycle, the yellow body dies, formed on the site of the follicle break, the level of progesterone decreases, menstruation begins.

The first phase may have a different duration. But the second is usually more or less stable, and it lasts about 14 days

(with an error 1 day in a large or smaller side). This information makes it possible to calculate the probable ovulation day. For this, 14 days are subtracted from the duration of the menstrual cycle (the duration of the second phase, which is known for most accurately).

Under the duration of the cycle, the number of days between the first days of the last two menstruation is meant. The most commonly normal cycle of a woman is within 24-34 days

. If your cycle lasts less than 24 or more than 35 days, you need an individual approach to the calculation of ovulation, for this you need to consult a doctor.

  • Example: A woman cycle lasts 28 days. According to the method, the ovulation should happen on the 14th day of the cycle. With a cycle of 30 days - on day 15, with a cycle of 32 days - on the 18th day of the cycle.
  • A period favorable for conception is also determined. You need to add 4 days before it and 3 days after it. So it turns out the borders of the fertile window - the time when unprotected sex acts can lead to pregnancy.

Pros: The method does not require financial investments, deep mathematical and medical knowledge.

Disadvantages:

This method does not take into account the possibility of a malfunction of the menstrual cycle, the individual characteristics of the age and the state of health of the woman;

Under the action of a wide variety of factors (from stress to influenza or ARVI), the hormonal background may change, it is generally very unstable, and then the day of ovulation, and the borders of the fertile window will be shifted.

The calculation method on the calendar is not suitable for women with an irregular cycle

. If it even calculate the average duration of its cycle, folding data for several months, the error in the calculations will be too big - with the "scope" of the error up to several days.

This method can be combined with any of those presented below. This will help improve the accuracy of the calculations.

  • Online calculator
  • Special applications and services will do everything that has been described above for you: will help calculate the day of ovulation and the days favorable to conceive the period before and after it. It is enough to enter the numerical value of the cycle duration, the duration of menstruation (from their first day after the end of the menstrual selection), and also specify which number of cycles you need calculation.
  • The calculation algorithms are exactly the same as during self-calculation, only everything happens much faster.

Some calculators additionally calculate the likelihood of conception of a child of a certain floor - a boy or a girl, which is fun and no more, because the floor planning on the calendar method does not have scientific validity. Pros:

Counting is free, the likelihood of an annoying mathematical error is excluded, which a woman can allow mechanical when the calculation;

considers quickly; It is possible to print the calendar and wear with you.

Disadvantages:

The same low accuracy, as in the independent calculation, there is no accounting for the individual characteristics of the female cycle and age.

Floor forecasting - anti-scientific nonsense, on which it is impossible to navigate. Supporters of the hypothesis indicate that the spermatozoa of two different species have different characteristics: men's cells with a set of genetic information in a pair of sex chromosomes XX - Living and slow, and XY cells are fast and movable, but live less. That is why the woman is invited to conduct sexual intercourse to ovulation to conceive the boy, and on the day of ovulation and the days later, if the heir is needed.

Reproductologists laboratory investigated millions of men's genital cells of both types. There is no difference between them in the speed of movement, vitality. The only difference is in chromosomal information. It means that The probability of conceiving a son or daughter in a woman is exactly the same on any day of the fertile period.

To improve the accuracy of calculations, it is recommended to combine the method with any of the following methods.

Basal temperature

Doctors have long paid attention to the fact that the basal temperature of the woman rises during ovulation. The basal is called the temperature base, internal, actually - the temperature of the internal organs. In the first half of the cycle, when the follicle ripens, estrogens predominate in the body, the temperature does not rise to high values. On the day of ovulation, when a yellow body was at the site of the follicula, the formation of progesterone begins, which increases the level of basal temperature. That is why the schedule turns out a clear, two-phase, it shows a decline in the middle of the cycle - this is ovulation.

This method can be combined with any of those presented below. This will help improve the accuracy of the calculations.

  • To determine ovulation by temperature, it is important to comply with strict measurement rules and measure at least three cycles in a row
  • This will make it possible to make graphs that will show the individual characteristics of the cycle, the presence of annovulation, if it occurred. Also, the method of measuring BT can talk about pregnancy in such early terms, in which no test will show this.

Measurements are carried out every morning, immediately after awakening, without getting out of bed, trying not to move after waking up.

  • It is important that the preceding sleep was in a duration of at least 6 hours.
  • Each morning, measurements are carried out within 5 minutes in the same place: either in the vagina, or in the rectum, immersing a mercury thermometer by 2-3 centimeters. The data immediately entered the schedule.
  • The method is quite accurate, which does not require financial costs;

Allows you to suspect not only problems with ovulation, but also many gynecological problems, inflammation.

Minuses:

The decoding may seem complex, especially with an abnormal schedule, may require a doctor assistance; Basal temperature - the indicator is not the most stable, the data is changed in errors in the measurement, with fatigue, stress, illness, after taking alcohol, after sex; The method requires accuracy and commitment - measurements need to be carried out at one time every day.

The measurement method of basal temperature is perfectly combined with the calendar option, and also part of the symptothermal method of recognition of the fertility (it is based on the confirmation of two or more parameters - at a temperature, on the selection and cervix).

Selection and cervical

Changing the nature of vaginal discharge is an important symptomatic sign of ovulation approximation. The cervix reacts to hormonal changes and with increasing the number of estrogen, which occurs 2-3 days before ovulation, the secretion of the cervical canal changes.

Honor of emergency ovulation are abundant transparent discharge, reminding crude chicken eggs resembling

This method can be combined with any of those presented below. This will help improve the accuracy of the calculations.

  • . If you stretch them between your fingers, a continuous "thread" is formed a few centimeters long.
  • Such discharge is necessary for the continuation of the kind - the cervical secret, which is an alkaline medium, reduces the partially acidity of the vagina, and this gives the chances of survival with men's sex cells. Sperm, mixing with cervical mucosity, pass faster in sex paths to a meeting with Oocyt. Some researchers indicate that the cervical mucus even fulfills the role of a kind of filter: due to porosity, it eliminates defective sperms and misses better quality. But this is only a hypothesis.

Some calculators additionally calculate the likelihood of conception of a child of a certain floor - a boy or a girl, which is fun and no more, because the floor planning on the calendar method does not have scientific validity. The amount of selection is enhanced. And it is precisely this fact that will easily recognize the onset of the fetal period, to understand what ovulation has come.

The neck of the uterus to the touch during this period is raised regarding the exit from the vagina, slightly softened. This can be understood by entering the index finger or two fingers into the vagina to the outer part of the neck (do not forget about the purity of the hands!).

When ovulation is over, the next day, under the action of progesterone, the selection changes their color - from transparent and mucous meters, they become white or lemon-yellowish, opaque, their amount is sharply reduced, and the period is about "dry" when the woman is not worried about Up to menstruation.

The method of studying the cervical mucus is very informative, it will help notice the late ovulation, pay attention to the fact that the yield of the egg cell is premature, which will increase accuracy and efficiency and planning, and contraception; Does not require special medical knowledge. .

Does not take into account possible hormonal disorders when ovulation occurs without discharge or isolation is present without ovulation.

This method can be combined with temperature and calendar (the most optimal option) or with symptomatic and testing method. Symptoms

In medicine, there is no official description of the symptomatic painting of ovulation. This means that all signs and sensations that women describe are quite subjective: They are not mandatory, not always found, not always, and navigate on them or not - depends on the individual sensitivity of a particular woman It is most often about the fact that the phase of the fruit began, he speaks an increased sexual desire. This is conceived by nature as one of the components of the continuation mechanism. Feeling a reinforced libido woman can both the day before ovulation and on the day of ovulation.

Many argue that the heat in the perineum is felt before ovulation. What is probably due to the enhancement of the discharge. Overalls in general remains good, but possible mood swings, emotional instability and irritability. Not only the cervix, but also the tissue of the mammary glands, is reacting for hormonal changes, and therefore the increase in breasts, moderate swelling, many notes that nipples become particularly sensitive. Among other subjective signs that a woman can feel physically

You can note minor unpleasant feeling at the bottom of the abdomen on the right or left (Depending on the location of the ovulant follicle). Some have weak, weak blood (brown or pink) allocations every other day of ovulation. They may be related to the fact that when the follicle breaks, not only the bubble shell itself is broken, but also blood vessels, it was fed.

Women with a special perception of pain (intolerance even insignificant)

can feel abdominal pain, in the retroperitoneal space, pulling pain resembling menstrual

. This is a sign of irritation of the peritoneum and the surface of the spanish liquid, which was filled with a follicle, as well as a small amount of blood from damaged vessels of the follicular shell.

Some describe the feeling of fullness at the bottom of the abdomen after ovulation

It is associated with the action of the progesterone hormone, which holds the fluid in the tissues. On the second phase of the cycle after ovulation, there may also have episodic manifestations of a runny nose in the mornings without rhinitis as such, edema. All this are the consequences of the impact of progesterone, it does not need it in treatment. A truly poor well-being during ovulation may be due to the presence of ovulatory syndrome, apoplexy of the ovaries, breakthrough bleeding of intermenstrual type, threats of a break of a follicular cyst.

Increasing the temperature, sharp pains, quite abundant blood discharge - not a sign of ovulation, and a sign of pathology, a woman should be consulted to a doctor, without laying off the visit.

Tests

This method can be combined with any of those presented below. This will help improve the accuracy of the calculations. The tests for determining ovulation "work" are almost the same as the tests for pregnancy, with the only difference that the reagents applied to the striped reacts are not a hong hormone hormone, but to luteinizing hormone LG. Accordingly, 1-2 days before ovulation, when the peak of LH in the body is observed, the tests give a bright second strip.

. If your cycle lasts less than 24 or more than 35 days, you need an individual approach to the calculation of ovulation, for this you need to consult a doctor.

  • You need to start testing with the beginning of the fertile window, that is, about 4 days before the alleged ovulation calendar
  • . In packs with ovulation test systems, 5 strips are usually present. Testing is required daily at one time, it is advisable to do not drink fluid to the test for 4 hours. Morning urine is considered not the most suitable for determining ovulation, it is better to choose for this purpose a convenient time from 10 am to 8 pm.

With ovulation tests it is important not to be mistaken. Carefully follow the instructions, do not disturb the test time in the urine, the time expectation time.

There are mini microscopes that allow you to determine ovulation in saliva or vaginal secretions. Their action is based on the ability of estrogen (hormone ovulation, as we remember) to keep in physiological fluids of potassium and sodium. Because of this, drying in the test glass saliva has a characteristic pattern when studying in an eyepiece, resembling a fern twigs or a drawing on a winter frosty window. On the other days of the female menstrual cycle, this drawing does not happen.

The accuracy of ovulation tests is significantly higher than that of the calendar method without dough.

Accuracy is not 100%, although manufacturers and declare high efficiency;

Reusable electronic test systems are more accurate, but cost more, and one-time tests are not the cheapest pleasure.

This method can be combined with any other. Especially efficiently - with the measurement method of basal temperature and the method of evaluating cervical mucus.

On how to determine ovulation at home without dough, see the following video.

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  • Ovulation is no wonder consider the peak of the menstrual cycle, because the exit of the egg from the follicula means possible pregnancy. Further actions of women depend on its desires. If a woman plans to get pregnant, it is in the days of ovulation most likely to conceive a child. If, on the contrary, the pregnancy is undesirable, then the moment of ovulation is the most dangerous, and in the coming days should not be neglected by means of contraception. Therefore, a reliable definition of ovulation is important for almost every female childbearing age.
  • How to find out when ovulation comes? Nowadays, you can easily buy an ovulation test at the pharmacy. However, it is not suiced, and, given that such tests will have to be used not 2-3, but much more, then their acquisition will fall into a decent amount.
  • How to correctly determine ovulation at home and is there a proven and reliable way?
  • Essence of the process

Frequently asked Questions

First you should remember more about ovulation. The entire menstrual cycle consists of several phases: The first phase begins at the time of menstrual discharge. This day is conditionally considered the first day of the menstrual cycle and there is a further calculation of "dangerous" and "safe" days. At this time, the uterus cavity is cleaned, rejecting endometrium. Menstruation continues on average 3-6 days and often accompanied by pain and unpleasant sensations. The follicular phase begins after menstruation and lasts an average of 12-14 days after discontinuation of the selection. These days in growing follicula hormones ripen eggs. The ovulatory phase lasts no more than 3 days. It is at that moment that the egg leaving the follicle falls into the Fallopiev (uterine) pipe and is preparing for fertilization. If no fertilization occurs during the day, the egg cell perishes and is derived from the body with menstrual secretions. The lutein phase is final and lasts an average of 13-14 days. At this time, the level of progesterone and estrogen needed to implant the embryo and successful pregnancy preservation increases. If pregnancy does not occur, the production of hormones is reduced, and the synthesis of hormones that stimulate the development of the follicle is resumed in response. The new cycle begins.

Important! Need to remember that

La conception is suitable not only by the day of ovulation.

  • Given the life expectancy of spermatozoa
  • - about 72 hours -
  • Sexual intercourse 2-3 days before ovulation can also end with conception.
  • The standard menstrual cycle is 28 days, however, many women have its duration and can vary from 21 to 35 days. In addition, various external factors and violations in the work of various organs of women affect ovulation. All this can move the egg outlet time for several days in one direction or another.
  • Why do women need to determine ovulation? There are several reasons for that:

Conception after ovulation

Determining the most suitable period for conception of the child. Especially relevant for families planning the future, as well as for couples who have problems with conception.

Health diagnostics. Active sex life in the days of ovulation without advancing pregnancy testifies to failures in the body of a woman or a man and is a signal to a medical examination of both partners.

Increase chances for conception. In case of deviations in the spermogram of a husband - sedentary spermatozoa or their insufficient quantity - the exact date of ovulation increases the chances of a safe conception.

Selection as a sign of ovulation

The method of contraception. It is not the most reliable compared to contraceptives, but nevertheless is applied by many women. To increase the reliability of the Iks Day, 5-6 days and condoms use condoms to "dangerous" days.

Future child planning. It is believed that spermatozoa with Y-chromosome, giving life a boy, more moveable, but they die faster. The carriers of "female" x-chromos are not as active, but live much longer. There is a theory that if sexual intercourse occurs before the start of ovulation, then by the time of the egg, there will live only spermatozoa with the "female" chromosome. In this case, a couple will be born a girl. If intimate proximity occurs on the day of ovulation, then the boy is likely to be born, because the moving Y-chromosomes will be more agile. No special statistics confirming this theory, but many couples try to check it out.

  1. So, the reasons for determining the moment of the yield of the egg from the follicle is sufficient. But how to recognize ovulation without using pharmacy test? At home, women are available several ways. Consider the most popular.
  2. Grazing temperature graph
  3. Measuring the basal temperature during the cycle and control of the deviation of the parameters is the most reliable and informative way at home. The moment of the exit of the egg from the follicle always accompanies a minor increase in temperature, so if all the rules are met, it is possible to accurately determine ovulation.
  4. Measurement rules
  5. What you need to know and how to determine the day of ovulation as accurately as possible?

Trusted-Source.

Purchase the thermometer to be used throughout the time. It is unacceptable to use different thermometers, because each device has a small error in measurements that can cause an erroneous result. Doctors advise to apply an ordinary mercury thermometer - its testimony does not depend on the angle of inclination, which you can not tell about the electronic devices. а To carry out measurements every day without skipping, even in the days of menstruation, otherwise you can make an erroneous schedule and skip the "X" day. .

Show readings in the morning at the same time, for example, at 7 am. Permissible deviation in half an hour.

Measure temperatures once a day in the morning, without getting out of bed, after 4-6-hour continuous sleep. It is best for this that a period of time between 6 and 7 o'clock in the morning is suitable. Night leisure can be longer, but it is undesirable to cut it. Women working in the night shift, measuring the temperature will have to day after 3-4 hours of day sleep.

  • Conduct measurements for three cycles in a row. Analysis of the compiled graphs will help to understand exactly how basal temperature changes in days when ovulation occurs.
  • Important! When performing measurements it is worth remembering that the normal temperature during the cycle varies within 36.7-36.9 degrees,
  • In the days of ovulation, it rises to 37.2-37.3 degrees

Compilation of graphics

  • You can find out the day of ovulation if you learn to measure basal temperature correctly. However, it is easy to do:
  • From the evening, put the thermometer under the pillow or on the bedside table, so that in the morning it was easy to reach your hand without unnecessary gestures.

How can I define ovulation at home?

In the morning, without getting up from bed, without silent and without having a feet from the bed, gently enter the thermometer into the rectum and leave for 5-10 minutes.

After measuring, fix the readings. ПIt is not enough just to write the thermometer data in the diary. It is necessary to build a chart of changing basal temperature by day. The principle of building a sign to everyone from school times. It is best for a tetrade leaf in a cage, on which two lines are drawn: verticals mark temperature indicators;

horizontally numbers the days of the cycle.

Illustration 1.

Daily at the intersection of a certain day and the temperature indicator put a point. All points of the graph are connected to each other - after that it will look like a broken line. How to understand that ovulation has come? This is evidenced by a sharp leap temperature in relation to lower indicators of the first half of the cycle. In the second half of the cycle, the temperature schedule should be located above 37 degrees, and a couple of days before the start of menstruation, return to the initial indicator fixed at the beginning of the cycle.

Important! Typically, the difference between the basal temperature at the beginning and end of the cycle does not exceed 0.5 degrees.

  • It is important to comply with all temperature measurement rules to
  • Determine the days of ovulation most accurately.
  • If the raising of basal temperature did not occur or the schedule recorded sharp jumps, it is worth contacting the gynecologist for advice. The doctor may diagnose deviations in the work of the ovaries or disorders the function of the thyroid gland, provoking a hormonal failure, which affected the temperature indicators. Although the reason may hide in a banal cold, taking medicines or a short nighthood.
  • Disadvantages of the method
  • Determination of ovulation at home using basal temperature control allows you to mostly determine the moment of exit of the egg from the follicle. However, the specified method has its drawbacks. The temperature indicators may affect various factors:
  • alcohol intake on the eve;

infectious diseases with concomitant increase in body temperature;

Illustration 2.

inflammatory processes of the urogenital system;

Sexual contact 3-4 hours before the measurement;

Shift in day mode that affects an increase or reduction of sleep duration.

Create suitable conditions for temperature control is easy - for the sake of a future child you need to discipline yourself, to abandon time from alcohol, medicine and oral contraceptives.

Calendar method

How to determine ovulation at home without resorting to the troublesome procedure for measuring basal temperature? For this, many women use a calendar method. It is based on counting the most dangerous and safe for the conception of days.

Video. The calendar method is simple, because everything you need to calculate is a calendar and calculator. It is believed that ovulation occurs 14 days before the end of the cycle. It is easiest to determine the "X" day to women who have a cycle duration of 28 days. In their case, ovulation must occur on the 14th day from the day of the menstruation.

Illustration 3.

How to determine ovulation by the calendar method of those whose duration of the cycle differs from normal? It's simple, you need to take a number 14 on the total number of days of the cycle. The resulting indicator will become the benchmark of the expected exit of the egg from the follicle. For example, with a cycle of 25 days, ovulation will occur on the 11th day (25-14 = 11), with a cycle of 32 days - on the 18th (32-14 = 18).

To the calculated day you need to add 2 days at the other side and these days to lead an active sex life. However, it is not necessary to diligence - you need to abide by the break at least 1 day so that the spermatozoa can be matured.

Picture 4.

This method has its own advantages: it is simple and does not require financial investments. But the definition of ovulation by the calendar method does not suit women with an irregular menstrual cycle. In addition, there are a number of factors that affect the condition of a woman (stress, climate change, disease, drug intake, hormonal background changes) and can shift the moment of ovulation for several days.

Interesting! Holders of smartphones can install on their telephone applications that calculate "dangerous" and "safe" days of the menstrual cycle.

  • All that will be done is to make the date of the start of menstruation to the calendar, and the program itself will indicate possible days of ovulation.
  • Changing the nature of the discharge
  • During the menstrual cycle, some cervical fluid is distinguished from the uterus. This is a mucus without smell and color, which in the first half of the cycle "clogs" the neck of the uterus, protecting it from the premature penetration of spermatozoa. During the period of ovulation, the thick mucus becomes more liquid and starts separated. Each woman these days can notice the drum and transparent selection, visually similar to egg protein and not smell. If ovulation has not come for some reason, the selection may not be at all, or they will have an atypical color and smell.
  • It is not worth this method to be considered the main and fully rely on it, but it is quite suitable as auxiliary diagnostics, especially since it does not require cash flow and additional spending time.

However, not always a change in the nature of the selection indicates the bottom of "X". There are a number of reasons that cause similar changes in the female organism:

Picture 5.

venereal diseases;

vaginal infections;

  • sexual excitement;
  • Taking antihistamines and other drugs.
  • If there are listed factors, it is better not to use this method.
  • Exterior signs
  • Sensitive women can figure out the "X" day to change their usual state. It would seem how to determine ovulation for sensations? There is nothing complicated in this, it is enough to listen to the body and notice the change in well-being. The most reliable signs are:
  • Enhance sexual attraction in the days of ovulation. It seems that nature itself takes care of the extension of the human race, so these days many women feel a strong attraction to the partner.

Illustration 6.

Soreness and swelling of the mammary glands, roofing nipples.

Swelling of the inner germ lips.

Pulling or tingling pain in the side of the ovaries or below the abdomen.

  • Scarce intermenstrual isolation of bloody or brownish color.
  • The appearance of acne acne on the face.
  • All listed symptoms occur under the influence of hormones produced by a female organism, therefore it is worth listening to the signals of their own body. This method is not accurate, because sensations may affect the operation of the internal organs and the violation of the hormonal background.

Ultrasound monitoring

How to accurately determine ovulation? This will help only ultrasound research. Gynecologists consider ultrasound monitoring the most accurate method for determining ovulation. Although he has one drawback - to obtain the result, you will have to go to the clinic almost every day. However, as a result, the doctor will definitely determine what kind of cycle of a woman has ovulation and whether it happens at all. Schematically, the procedure looks like this:

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