When exposed to traumatic, infectious-inflammatory agents, during surgical manipulations, when exposed to the temperature of different caliber, various skin defects arise.
In order to reduce the area of the wound surface and accelerate the healing of unpleasant scars formed and the wounds use healing ointments for the skin.
Groups of reasons and types of wound-healing ointments
Depending on the type of damage, ointments are used different in composition, properties and pharmacological effects.
Consider groups of reasons and types of wound-healing ointments that can be used to eliminate tissue defects:
- Infectious inflammatory pathologies : Fuccin, Wilkinson Ointment, Sanguiritrine, Benzidamine and other species, depending on the causative agent of the disease.
- Open wounds : Ichthyol, levomecol, zinc ointment, sulfargin, panticide, nitazol.
- Seams after surgery : Salkoeril, Methyluracyl.
- Burns: Sulfapyridozin, Argosulfan, Dioxidin, Bepanten, Actovegin.
- Absadina : Eplan, Contactubes, Dexapantenol, Rescuer, Radevit, Algofin.
- Proleside : Liniment in Vishnevsky, Zinc Oxide, Polymixin M, Sulfargin, Healthy Ointment.
Cheap healing ointment
Cheap healing skin oats include:
- Liniment Vishnevsky.
- Zinc ointment.
- Metronidazole (metrged).
The most common ointment that is known to everyone. The liniment consists of xeroform, tar, aerosil.
The drug has antiseptic properties. It has stimulating the regenerative ability of the connective tissue, thereby providing a rapid healing effect.
Apply 3-4 times a day, you can not impose a bandage on the wound.
Cost - 125-200 rubles .
Important! It can provoke a weak irritating effect on the epidermis receptor apparatus.
Diseases associated with the occurrence of Russian Academy of Sciences of infectious origin on the skin are associated with zinc deficiency in the body. It causes the regeneration of cell elements, participates in the synthesis of insulin and erythrocytes.
With a lack of zinc, dermatitis develops, formed wounds sluggishly sentenced, anemia and impaired psyche arises.
The composition of the drug includes zinc oxide, which has a wound healing, protection, anti-inflammatory and softening effects. After applying in the place of the wound, the skin is dry, the production of pus and disappears swelling and redness.
The advantage of zinc ointment is its availability, the pleasant price and the complete absence of side effects.
Price - from 25 rubles .
Important! You can use during pregnancy, during lactation and in childhood.
Antimicrobial and antiprotozoic. Produced in the form of a gel.
It is used for acne, prlase, trophic ulcers, fat seborrhea, hemorrhoids and ulcers caused by a violation of tissue trophics. Course treatment up to 4 months.
Apply the ointment need twice a day.
Cost 80-220 rubles .
Important! Incompatible with heparin ointment, warfarin. When using metronidazole as ointment for outdoor use, it is forbidden to sunbathe.
The ichthyol ointment has an antiseptic and keratoplastic effect. After applying, it softens the edges of the wound, dries the skin and does not give to develop purulent inflammation. It also improves the operation of the microcirculatory bed in the affected area.
Prescribed ointment in dermatitis, burns, inflammation of the sweat glams and hair follicles of purulent nature, ulcerative lesion of the skin, wounds of various depths and length.
Apply the ointment is necessary twice a day, the duration of therapy is 7-21 days.
Price - 70-170 rubles .
Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to ichthyol. For the treatment of wounds of pregnant women, it uses not one generation. But there were no special clinical trials for pregnant women.
Mazi, which includes silver salts
This group includes:
Sulfanimide, which has a bactericidal action. Inhibits the reproduction of pathogenic microflora.
Used in the postoperative period, after conducting surgical manipulations and the imposition of seams.
Apply to disinfect tissues and rapid walled seams.
The drug is prohibited to apply pregnant, children under 12 months, with deficiency of glucose enzymes, as well as with deep wound surface and burns with common localization.
With caution, the drug is used for renal or hepatic compensated / decompuxed failure.
Antibacterial gel of a wide range of action. Actively eliminates breakdowns and trophic ulcers. It is not recommended for use for children up to year, pregnant and nursing mothers. Before use, you must consult with a specialist.
The drug with antimicrobial action, which is used to treat burns and rapid healing of the brushes, cutting wounds. Contraindicated in the same cases as Argosulfan.
The cost of ointments containing in its composition components of silver salts from 270 to 400 rubles .
Mazi with antibacterial action
It consists of levomycetin, methyluracil, trimecain and other auxiliary elements. Pharmacological action is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
The drug is introduced into pus wounds and purulent cavities with sterile wipes moistened in ointment. Ointment can also be administered using a drainage installation only in the surgical compartment.
Prescribed only in the first period of the purulent wound process. Price from 120 rubles .
Ointment with antimicrobial effect. Easily enters destroyed epithelial tissues, stimulating regeneration processes.
It is prescribed for the treatment of purulent wounds caused by gram-positive and gram-negative microflora.
Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to the main component - chloramphenicol or methyluracil.
Price - 100-250 rubles .
An antimicrobial ointment that is prescribed:
- with acne rash;
- with pyoderma provoked streptococcus;
- With inflammation of hair follicles;
- with eczema;
- under ulcers of trophic genesis;
- After amputation of the limb as an antibacterial drug.
Apply 1-2 times a day, overlapping aseptic bandage. The course of treatment is 10-21 days.
Cost - from 20 rubles .
Important! Side effects are itching, redness and swelling in the field of application.
Used for the treatment of not only acne rashes, but also laying out, burns and infected with RAS.
It has antimicrobial, bactericidal action. Suppresses the breeding of pathogenic microflora, preventing the progression of the inflammatory process.
Ointments are applied to an affected place, only after its careful treatment with an antiseptic agent (furaticillin solution). The duration of treatment may vary up to 3 months.
Price - from 30 rubles .
Important! Contraindicated during pregnancy.
Skin healing after acne
The varieties of inflammatory skin diseases include angry rash, for the treatment of which are used antibacterial ointments (tetracycline and erythromycinic ointments), cream boro-frash and salicylic acid.
Little acne can turn into huge defects, if not eliminating the cause of development (incorrect power, infections in the body, etc.).
Gel from natural components used in preventive purposes to combat acne. It has a bactericidal and soothing effect.
It can also be used to eliminate skin irritation after bites.
Contraindications have no.
Cost - from 150 rubles .
When applied, the ointment is formed in the place of the wound a thin film that dries the wound surface and eliminates pain discomfort.
It has the properties of the antiseptic, bactericidal, hemostatic and painkillers.
Also prevents swelling. Apply an ointment with a tampon 1 time per day.
Price - from 350 rubles .
The main component is glycerin, which has a softening property.
Ointment is used to treat wounds of persons and other parts of the body. It has a dermatoprotective effect.
The means is contraindicated in disagreement of cardiac activity, an allergic reaction to glycerin, as well as in hypotension, when blood pressure is below 100 mm RT. Art.
Cost - from 30 rubles .
Psoriase healing ointment
When the psoriasis is running when the rash localization occupies a huge area, use ointment, which includes steroids.
It consists of the component of the same name, which relates to a group of steroid anti-inflammatory agents. It has the following effects:
The drug reduces pronounced itching, suppresses cellular immunity, reduces skin sensitivity to stimuli. Ointment is used once a day. Course treatment up to 10 days.
The use of hydrocortisal ointments due to its quick-footing positive effects daily and repeatedly, can lead to the development of pronounced side effects.
This is due to the fact that glucocorticoids have an effect on all types of metabolic exchanges - carbohydrate, fatty and protein. They also regulate the number of ionic components - Na, K, Ca.
The side effects are atrophy of the mucous membranes and skin, swelling, itching, systemic manifestations in the form of hypertension, eczema, etc. The drug is also used in ophthalmological practice for the treatment of conjunctivitis, blefarites and other inflammation of eye appendages.
Price - from 40 rubles .
Also relates to glucocorticosteroids. Use for the treatment of large peptic skin defects and with the development of purulent-inflammatory processes in them. The drug quickly struggles with inflammation, prevents the formation of pus in the generated wound, reduces the vascular permeability. Also has an antihistamine effect.
Anti-inflammatory effect carries out the part - salicyl ointment. It also causes a mitigating effect and is recommended for use by people with coarse, inelastic skin.
Betamethasone is prescribed with extensive psoriasis, degram, erythrodermia, photodermatite and other skin pathologies. Ointment should be applied to moisturized skin every 12 hours. When disappearing, symptoms are applied once.
The tool is forbidden to be used in viral pathologies, tuberculosis, acne, diabetes, varicose veins.
The development of side effects is associated with repeated use of the drug for more than 3 times a day.
- hypertensive crisis;
- excess body weight;
- Stretch marks;
- Violation of the ovari of the menstrual cycle in women.
Cost - from 115 rubles .
Healing ointments in infectious inflammatory diseases in small wounds and abrasions
Infectious-inflammatory pathologies are provoked by the falling pathogenic or pathogenic flora in the small wounds.
From the external environment or chronic foci of inflammation, which are localized in carious teeth, inflamed almonds, etc., gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are able to provoke the formation of wound defects, various papules, empty, erythem.
Therapy of diseases depends on the type of pathogen.
The resorcinic ointment is formed by the main component of the resorcin. Resorcin is a white crystalline powder, which, when interacting with a vaseline, forms a line or ointment.
The resorcinic ointment has a local anesthetic effect, also has an antimicrobial effect. The drug is used to treat eczema, fungal pathologies, itchy syndrome, as well as seborrhea.
The preparation feature is its use at any age.
Price - from 400 rubles .
The composition includes tar, sulfur, calcium salts, naphthated ointment and other components.
Ointment has antiseptic properties, antifungal and antiparasitic effects.
Apply twice a day, causing inflamed areas. The course of therapy is 7-12 days. Sometimes the course of treatment increases to 3 weeks.
The drug is also used in the conditions of stationary hospitals when identifying scabies in patients. Willquinson's ointment is applied to all parts of the body, except for the front area and the hair of the head.
Cost - from 35 rubles .
Important! The drug is not prescribed with eczema in exacerbation. Store ointment is necessary in the refrigerator.
It consists of alkaloids of Sanguinearine and Helethrin, originating from the Plant Macket. The drug belongs to antimicrobial and anti-grab drugs. It has an anticholinesterase effect, with which it enhances the conduct of nerve pulses through synapses and neuronal connections.
Sangvirrin is used to treat infectious inflammation of the skin - with purulent lesions, wounds, burns, long non-cured peptic defects.
The affected skin is treated first with a solution, and then a liniment, overlapping a dressing. It is necessary to conduct a procedure 2-3 times a day.
Sangvirrin is used in children and adult age.
Price - from 170 rubles .
Important! The drug is contraindicated in bronchial asthma, epilepsy. May cause burning in hypersensitivity to the main components that are part of.
The composition includes chloride of benzidamine, glycerin, flavoring, sodium bicarbonate. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent.
It has an anesthetic effect. When applied to the affected skin, pain discomfort, itching, swelling and redness.
In addition, if there was hyperthermia in the area of the affected area, the benzidamine reduces the temperature. (The increase in temperature in the area of the wound occurs when inflammation caused by putrid bacteria).
Cost - from 400 rubles .
Important! May cause local allergic reactions in the form of itching.
The group of infectious inflammatory diseases includes purulent and mineral wounds.
In the place of inflammation, furuncules are formed (inflammation of one hair follicle), carbuncules (several), abscesses (purulent cavities). They have the form of bubbles filled with pus.
When crossing the pus may occur unpleasant odor. The opening of large abscesses should conduct a surgeon to fully evacuate the pus and prevent the development of sepsis.
Small cavities may emptily empty. At home, their therapy is carried out with stylish, levosine, hypicolem, edas, skating ointment, Vishnevsky's liniment.
Stimulates the level of operation of the immune system, increasing the synthesis of T- and B lymphocytes. Accelerates the regeneration capacity of epithelial cells, provoking the rapid formation of granulation tissue and the closure of the developed skin defect. It has a photoprotective effect.
Use for the treatment of wounds of various etiology, photodermatitis, bone fractures.
Apply the drug follows several times a day, causing a small amount per wound surface. Then you need to impose a bandage.
Price - from 70 rubles .
It is impossible to use with a large number of granulation tissue formed, since it will start peeling.
A homeopathic preparation consisting of natural components that are processed using modern technology - dynamization.
Apply the ointment three times a day.
As with the use of any homeopathic agents, during the first application there may be an aggravation of symptoms - itching, redness.
But after 2 applications, the symptoms disappear, helping to quickly come the wound to healing.
Cost - from 150 rubles .
The composition includes fish oil, bee propolis, ethanidine, tar. It has antimicrobial and anti-appliances effect.
It is prescribed with long-lasting wounds and purulent lesions. And also ointment can be used in trophic ulcers developing with diabetes.
Apply for the treatment of burns, radiation sickness and as an antiseptic preparation for disinfection of purulent abscesses.
Price - 250-350 rubles .
Skin healing for skin after burns
Burning - Defects of skin coverings provoked by high temperatures. Burns lead to the formation of bubbles that are burst with time. These bubbles impede the rapid wound healing.
Burns of the first and second degree in most cases provoked by the impact of boiling water, hot oil or disintegration on the glass hotels. They are treated at home with anti-spare ointments.
It has insignificant anti-inflammatory activity, has pronounced regeneration activity for the growth of granulation tissue.
Refers to vitamins in groups. Panthenol is prescribed during dermatitis, proleells, purulent-inflammatory processes and diarming.
Apply the ointment must be 1 time per day. Contraindication is hypersensitivity to pantaphic acid. The drug can be used during pregnancy and in childhood.
With caution should be used in the pathologies of the liver and kidneys.
Cost - from 80 rubles .
Ointment of natural components having regenerating ability. Prescribed with shallow wounds, burns, bruises, dermatitis, insect bite and acne.
It is impossible to use ointment together with antiseptics (hydrogen peroxide).
The components of the drug and hydrogen peroxide are able to enter the chemical reaction and cause the burning of the skin.
The ointment effect disappears when using ointments, which include glucocorticosteroids.
Price - from 150 rubles .
It has an antiseptic effect. Displays purulent content from the wound, destroying all signs of inflammation.
Indications for use are:
- Cracks of the mucous membrane of the rectum.
Contraindicated in individual intolerance of dioxidine. You can use children, pregnant women and during lactation.
Cost - from 300 rubles .
The drug of metabolic nature that prevents the development of the deficiency of oxygen. It improves neuroprotective activity and operation of the microcirculatory bed.
It is used to treat disorders provoked by circulatory disorder. Prescribe it in front of burns and diabetes.
Price - from 120 rubles .
The drug that increases the proliferative ability of fibroblasts, which causes the rapid synthesis of granulation tissue and the creation of the primary tension of the wound. Salcossurily also has an antihypoxic effect and anti-acudative effect.
Shown for treatment:
- minor wounds, scratches, abrasion;
- Light burns;
- Wet and not wound wounds.
Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to the main component and with allergic reactions - the urban, a quinque edema, etc.
Cost - from 250 rubles .
Healing Mazi for Skin Diabetes
In diabetes, a violation of local blood circulation is developing in a fine and large caliber vessels. In this regard, wound healing occurs for a long time.
With brushing, cutting wounds, burn burns do not feel pain due to the loss of sensitivity provoked by neuropathy. Therefore, it is necessary to use ointments that improve blood circulation and prevent coagulation of vessels.
Refers to anticoagulants. It prevents the formation of blood clots and eliminates the existing blood clots. Improves central and peripheral blood circulation.
Apply 2-3 times a day, the duration of treatment is 5-14 days.
Shown in injuries, bruises, varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Contraindicated with ulcerative-necrotic defects.
Price - from 70 rubles .
Combined antimicrobial agent used to treat trophic ulcerative defects, burns and wounds with diabetes mellitus.
It is forbidden to use:
- with the common localization of the pathological process;
- For the treatment of an auditory pass;
- With hypersensitivity to Bacitracycling.
Cost - from 280 rubles .
Mazi, which includes insulin, actively contribute to the early healing of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Ointment must be applied carefully around the wound defect. It can be used for burns, minor cuts and abrasions.
Price varies from 500 rubles .
Pharmacological effects Dampsins cause pain relief and eliminate itching, which is so often observed with diabetes mellitus. It is recommended to use it with dermatitis, eczema, skin maceration in newborns.
Cost - 400 rubles .
Top - 5 healing ointments
The most effective wound healing means are:
- With various infections, breakdowns - Levomecol.
- With burns - Panthenol.
- With minor abrasions and wounds - Zinc ointment.
- With diabetes - Insulin ointment.
- With psoriase - Betamethasone.
Before applying any medicinal product, it is necessary to assess the severity of its or the victim.
- If wounds, abrasions, cuts, burns are insignificant The treatment can be carried out at home.
- Before applying drugs, you must familiarize yourself with the instructions. It is necessary to see the composition of ointments, indications, contraindications and side effects.
- Apply the drug is necessary sterile hands (Use alcohol napkins or thoroughly wash your hands with an antiseptic). In addition, it is necessary to find out the shelf life.
In the event of undesirable effects, the use of the drug is stopped.
What do you need to know?
Only knowing the exact cause of the developed pathology can be used to treat wound-healing ointments.
- In the absence of a positive effect from drugs , contact your specialist for help.
- Pump of absced wounds can evacuate himself. Before applying ointments, it is necessary to rinse carefully early with a bitodine solution or another drug. Then apply the ointment with a cotton swab and impose a sterile bandage. And after Visit the doctor.
- Postoperative seams It is necessary to process only those funds that have appointed a surgeon.
- Some ointments need to be stored in a cool place or refrigerator So ask the pharmacist storage conditions. In case of non-compliance with certain conditions, the ointment loses its properties and is useless as a therapeutic agent.
- In addition to ointments and gels in infectious and inflammatory processes, it is necessary to use antibacterial agents In a tablet form to enhance the effect.
- With diabetes The use of sulfanilamide drugs is not recommended.
- With a long-term acne and an unknown cause of the disease , refer to the endocrinologist for advice. The cause of acne is the change in the hormonal background in a transitional age, less often in rational food. Comprehensive therapy will help defeat acne.
There are many wound-healing ointments. Not always expensive medicinal product has an advantage over cheap. Before buying and use, read the instructions in medicinal directories. What a means to choose correctly will help either a doctor or pharmacist.
It is best to seek advice from a specialist who fully inspected will be able to diagnose and appoint adequate therapeutic measures. By running the disease, you can provoke heavy complications that will be hard to get rid of.
Dermatologist of the highest category and the author of Dermgid.com. More than 15 years help people suffering from skin diseases of various origins.
Features and stages of the treatment of open wounds
The treatment of open wounds is phased and corresponds to the stages of the development of a wound process - intracellular biochemical change in tissues and other structures in the damage zone. According to the canons of clinical surgery, there are three such stages: primary self-cleaning, inflammatory reaction and restoration of tissues by granulation.
At the first stage, immediately after the formation of the wound and the beginning of the bleeding, the blood vessels are first reflexively compressed (so that the platelets manage to form a clush), and then expand with the complete cessation of abbreviations (since the neurohumoral regulation of vasoconducting and vasodilating nerves) is blocked). In addition, the vessels in the wound area are decomposed by the decay of damaged cells. The result is slowing down blood flow, increased permeability of vascular walls and swelling of soft tissues. It has been established that all this contributes to their cleansing, as the expansion of large vessels leads to an increase in the capillary channel and the tide of the blood to the damaged area.
For the second stage of the wound process, the development of an inflammatory response is characterized. Edema is enhanced, hyperemia appears (due to the reinforced blood flow). The accumulation of acidic products for the destruction of the intercellular matrix of damaged tissues and erythrocytes of blood causes a local increase in acidity (metabolic acidosis) and amplification of antibody synthesis that help remove dead cells from the body. Moreover, bleeding and inflammation increase blood leukocytes. And leukocytes are neutrophils (the main phagocytes - the killers of pathogenic bacteria), basophiles (participate in inflammatory processes) and agranulocytes (help neutrophilas in cleaning the body from residual cells and died microbes).
During the third stage (which may begin on the background of inflammation), the cells of the new granulation tissue are proliferated - in an open wound, as well as epithelium cells - from the edges and throughout its surface. Gradually, the granulation tissue is converted to the connecting. And this stage is completed when a scar appears on the site of the wound.
It is customary to distinguish wound healing primary and secondary tension. The first option is implemented when the wound is minor sizes, the edges of it are maximally reduced to each other and there is no pronounced inflammation. In all steel cases, including with purulent wounds, healing occurs by the secondary tension.
Since the peculiarities of the treatment of open RAS depend on the degree of biochemical disorders in damaged tissues and the intensity of restoration processes occurring in them, the task of doctors is to adjust and, if necessary, stimulate these processes.
, , , , , , 
The value of primary processing in the treatment of open wounds
The first trial actions are reduced to stopping bleeding and antiseptic wound processing. To reduce the level of infection in washing the damaged section, peroxille, potassium permanganate, furacilin or chlorhexidine (as a solution) are used. And Zelenka and iodine are needed to disinfect the edges of the wound and the skin around it. You also need to impose a sterile bandage.
From how much the wound is clean, the whole process of its further treatment depends. In the medical institution with open, crushing, chopped, ribbon, swollen and firearms, their primary surgical treatment is carried out, which specialists consider mandatory. Cleaning the wound from dead, damaged or infected tissues will be much easier and improve the healing process.
The surgeon removes foreign bodies and blood clots, excised the well-mounted fabrics and uneven edges, and then imposes seams - in order to maximize the collapsed edges. In cases where the gaping of the wound does not allow the edges, it is left open, and the seams are superimposed later. The last stage is the imposition of aseptic dressing. It is also necessarily introduced whey against the tetanus, and when animal bite - vaccine against rabies.
These measures allow you to speed up the healing process and minimize complications (suppuration, sepsis, gangrene). And if such a treatment is carried out during the first day after receiving the wound, then you can count on the maximum positive result.
Treatment of an open wound wound
In excess of the serous-fibrinous exudate, the open wound wound should be treated.
The discharge from the wound increases with increasing hydrostatic pressure in inflamed tissues and decrease the oncotic pressure of blood plasma proteins (due to the loss of serum albumin). For healing, these selection is necessary because they contribute to the active phagocytosis and purification of the cavity of the open wound. However, the wound wound needs to reduce the accumulation of exudate - to improve blood circulation in capillaries.
In this case, the dressings should be changed often - as they are impregnated with sections.
When changing the wound bandage is processed by a furaticiline solution (aerosol of a furosol), sodium salt of sulfacyl, hyochdoride sodium, gramicidine, as well as such liquid antiseptics, such as Miramide (Miramidez, Dismistein, Ozomistin), Betadine, Oxychinoline, Octenisept, iodizole.
To reduce the level of exudate in the wound wound, the treatment of an open wound is used: the bandage is superimposed, moistened with a 10% aqueous sodium chloride solution (due to the co-operation of chlorine and sodium ions, the osmotic pressure of the intramane liquid is normalized). In this case, the bandage should be changed every 4-5 hours.
To apply under the bandage or impregnation of tampons, the Fudizin gel (with fusidic acid and zinc oxide), strepticid ointment, nitacide ointment (with nitazole and streptocide) are recommended. Also, sulfonilamides include antimicrobial ointment streptonitol and mafenide.
And the composition of Mazi Levomikol, which, as practice showed, promotes the dehydration of the wound cavity and faster tissue regeneration, includes antibiotic Levomycetin (chloramphenicol) and methyluracil (substance with anabolic activity). The ointment is recommended or applied to sterile napkins (to fill the wound cavity), or enter directly into the wound.
To dry the wound wounds, xeroform powder (bismuth tribrombomoline) is also applied, which has bactericidal properties, or Baneocin (with antibiotic neomycin and zinc bacitracin).
Treatment of an open purulent wound
The treatment of an open purulent wound should be carried out with regular removal of purulent exudate, which, with inflammation, is formed in its cavity. The accumulations of purulent masses can not be allowed, as they can penetrate into nearby fabrics, expanding the inflammatory hearth. Therefore, drainage systems are installed in the fusion of wounds, including with the introduction of antibacterial drugs in the form of local action solutions, for example, dioxidine (dioxisol). To anesthety of drainage procedures, topianessee uses: Dimexide (50% aqueous solution for tamponation), dosage of lidocaine spray, xylocaine aerosol.
With the aim of biologicalism of necrotic tissues and the destruction of pus in surgery, splitting proteins are used by enzymes (proteases): tripsin powder preparations, chemicalsin (chemicals), territerine, as well as suspension of tradehe. A solution with sodium chloride and novocaine is prepared from the powder, wet sterile napkins and put in the cavity of the wound (once every 1-2 days the napkin change). If the purulent wounds are deep, these tools can be used in dry.
In addition, antibiotics are used to combat pathogenic microorganisms and the development of secondary infectious inflammation under stationary treatment conditions for both intake (or by injection) and antibacterial ointments for the treatment of open wounds.
Inside of the Russian Academy of Sciences (after cleaning their cavity from pus), a combined ointment of Levosin is introduced, which contains levomycenetin, sulfadimetoxin, methyluracil and trimecain. This agent not only kills microbes and reduces the intensity of the inflammatory process, but also anesthetics. For medicinal and occlusive dressings, the ointment of Levomikol (with a lemitting) and the syntomicin line (the racemic form of the levocycetin) is used.
Outcomes with neomycin antibiotics (Baneocin) are most effective against golden staphylococcus, ointment with nitazole (nitacid) - against anaerobic microbes, 5% dioxidic ointment - against many pathogenic microorganisms, including the sinny stick and causative agents of gangrene.
With regard to the treatment of open wounds, surgeons is recognized as an advantage of ointments on the basis of vaseline (or lanoline), but on the basis of polyethylene glycols, in particular, polyethylene oxide-soluble viscous high molecular weight homopolymer. It is due to the hydrophilicity of this substance, the active components of ointments penetrate deeply in the tissue and the intercellular membranes do not damage. In addition, the lack of fat that seal the wound cavity and creates conditions for the reproduction of anaerobic infection, contributes to the accelerated conclusion of microbial toxins.
For this reason, classic ointment on Vaseline has become less likely to use in the treatment of wounds. An antibacterial liniment or ointment of the Vishnevsky (xeroform + birch tar on castor oil) relieves pus and speeds up its excretion, dissolves infiltrates and enhances blood flow into the inflammation zone. Ointment is applied under the bandage - 1-2 times a day.
In hospitals to patients with open wounds, disintellation and immunotherapy are also carried out. And ultrasound can be used to accelerate wound healing, liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy) or hyperbaric oxygenation.
Treatment of open wounds at home
With minor over the area and shallow damage, it is possible to treat open wounds at home. What pharmaceutical agents are except those listed above - apply most often?
Salicylic acid contained in salicylic ointment is an antiseptic; The ointment should be applied to the wound (after processing hydrogen peroxide), then apply a sterile bandage. In the same way used ichthyolic ointment (on petroleumina).
Streptocid (sulfanimide) is used with surface damage: grind the tablet to the state of the powder and sprinkle the wreck. Keep in mind that it is possible to use glue BF only with scratches, small cuts and abrasions.
Balsam Rescuer (with milk lipids, sea buckthorn, terpene and lavender oils, oil of tea tree, echinacea extract, tocopherol and bee wax) on the surface of the epidermis forms a film. Therefore, the rescuer ointment on the open wound must be applied after it is processed by the same peroxide or chlorhexidine and drying.
SalkoSeril (refers to a group of biogenic stimulants): ointment is recommended to apply twice a day on dry wounds, jelly - on mocking.
Zinc ointment (usually applied with mocking eczema and dermatitis): it may be abandoned with excessive exudation. Slow wound will help both the imaning powder (from the Hypericum). And the anti-inflammatory cream or spray panthenol (decantenol) can be applied only outside - to abrasion or burn.
Thrinksevazine ointment (intended for patients with veins of veins), heparin ointment (applied during thrombophlebitis of surface veins), Gel Doluben (heparin + dimethyl sulfoxide + decantenol) can help remove the swelling of fabrics and bruises after the injury. With the same purpose, Badyag is used.
The Eplan (KVOTLAN) cream or the glycerin contains a complex of polyethylene glycols having disinfectant and bactericidal properties; Reduces the likelihood of infection during skin damage.
Homeopathic ointment traumel (containing Arnic, Echinacea, Belladonna, Gamamemelis, Okopnik, etc. The plant ingredients) is used to remove pain and bruises with bruises, stretching, fractures.
Treatment of open wounds by folk remedies
If a small level of damage allows the treatment of open wounds by folk remedies, then you should use:
- The grass of the Hypericum, Yarrow, Veska, Nather, Cyprus, the root of the socket and Aira, the leaves of the plantain, eucalyptus and raspberries, as well as daisy and calendula flowers (in the form of decoctions for compresses);
- Fresh aloe juice, sea buckthorn oil, butter made of rosehip fruit - for lubricating the surface of shallow dry wounds;
- Propolis (aqueous solution) - with wet wounds.
Also, do not forget about Mumia (Caprolyte or Evaporite) - a powerful natural antiseptic and reparative agent, which has long been used in treating any injuries, including open wounds.
How to speed up healing wounds
August 29, 2018.
In case of damage to the skin, there is a chance of penetrating infection in the wound. Unpleasant and discomfort, which is accompanied by injury.
Rules for assistance in accordance with the main stages of the regeneration of damaged skin:
- In the initial period, no ointment can be used on fat basics, as the dense film on the skin does not give the wound to be cleaned of exudate. After processing the antiseptic and drying, the wounds are used with antibiotics, for example, the use of levomecol, levosene, streptolavene, Maramastine ointment is shown.
- Proper wound-healing agent will prevent the penetration of infection from the outside (secondary infection). It is recommended that the use of salicylic ointment, Dr. Panthenol, Actovegin, Bepanten, Salcossurine.
- At the scarring stage, when the process of absorbing damage is underway, a large number of modern drugs - aerosols, gels and creams can be applied. Such remedies have a hydrophilic effect and create opportunities for a quick recovery, preventing the wound surface contacts with hazardous agents - irritating substances, from outside infection, etc. It is shown the use of Contractubex, Dermatiks, Clearvina, etc.
How to help with a purulent wound?
With the appearance of a pus, special means should be applied to destroy bacteria and microbes and anesthesia:
- Ichthyol ointment to accelerate healing and combating infection.
- Vishnevsky ointment in order to accelerate the ripening of uluses and pulling the exudate from the wound.
- Syntion ointment with antimicrobial effect.
- Streptocidal ointment with bactericidal effect, etc.
In order to prevent the risk of complications after skin damage, competent and timely measures should be taken - this processing of wounds using special antiseptic and regenerating the skin of medicines and dressing material. All the necessary assistance tools can be found in the network of social pharmacies.
Wound Healing Stages
Care for postoperative wound
Postoperative wound remains after surgical interventions and refers to the category of cutting wounds. It closes with the help of surgical yarring method.
With proper care, the recovery after the operation takes about 2-3 weeks. It is very important, in the postoperative period, thoroughly rinse with a sterile solution of nipshosan, to change the postoperative bandages in a timely manner, to carry out visual control for the presence of signs of infection.
Wound Healing Stages
- Inflammation - 5-7 days
This is an inevitable stage, because The body does not distinguish postoperative "useful" wounds from ordinary and begins to actively produce substances accelerating the coagulation and formation of blood clots. It is important for cessation of bleeding and protection.
- Granulation - 10-30 days
The process contributes to successful healing and is the formation of young fabric, the type of which varies depending on the stage. Inflammatory cells, connective tissue, re-formed vessels form a granulation tissue that fills the cavity of the cut. First, this grainy fabric is easily bleeding, because Vessels have thin walls, but the closer the end of this stage, the tight and lighter becomes the fabric, and the graininess and bleeding disappear.
- Epithelialization - 30-90 days
The epithelium cells formed on the edges of the wound and the connecting tissue gradually fill the damaged area. The number of vessels is reduced, the scar is formed.
- Scar formation - from 3 months to 1 year
The vessels completely disappear, collagen and elastin fibers gradually complete the formation of a scar - the duration of this process depends on the age of the patient, the state of its health, the severity of the operation and the many other factors.
Care for postoperative wound
To each of the four stages passed without complications, you need appropriate care and strict adherence to all recommendations of the attending physician.
In the first stage, the main role is played by the surgeon. Proper embedding prevents possible tension and split seams. Primary protection from external microorganisms is also important. During this period, the patient will need sterile dressings, such as a cosmopor E, Askin Soft, Sorbalast with Miramistine or Omnistrip strips.